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Showing results 78686 to 78705 of 145536 < previous   next >
Prevalence of congenital heart disease among school children of Sahafa Town, Sudan
Khalil, S. ( 1997 )

The prevalence of congenital heart disease among schoolchildren aged 5-15 years was studied as part of Phase 1 of the WHO Global Rheumatic Fever/Rheumatic Heart Disease Prevention Programme in Sudan. A total of 13 322 schoolchildren in Sahafa Town, Khartoum, was examined from 1986 to 1990 representing 70% of the total target population. There were 27 cases of congenital heart disease giving a prevalence rate of 2.0 per 1000. Ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect [ASD], patent ductus arteriosus [PDA] and tetralogy of Fallot made up 85% of the cases. PDA and ASD were twice as common in females as in males. The prevalence rate is comparable to that of similar African countries but lower than European and north American rates

[Prevalence of contraceptive use in a periurban area of Sousse, Tunisia]
Touati, S.; Ben Abdel Aziz, A.; Mtiraoui, A.; Marzouki, M. ( 2001 )

A contraceptive prevalence survey was conducted among 1277 women of reproductive age, to explore knowledge of and attitudes to contraceptive use and study factors influencing contraceptive use. We found that family planning methods were generally well known. The prevalence of modern contraceptive use was 53.6%, IUDs being the most commonly used followed by sterilization and pills. The public sector was the main source for obtaining contraceptives although pills and condoms tended to be obtained from the private sector. There was a significant correlation between contraceptive use and urban residence

Prevalence of coronary heart disease among Tehran adults: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study
Hadaegh, F.; Harati, H.; Ghanbarian, A.; Azizi, F. ( 2009 )

This study is the first report on the prevalence of coronary heart disease [CHD] and its associated risk factors in adult residents of Tehran. Standard supine ECG data were collected for 5984 men and women aged > /= 30 years and coded by Minnesota criteria. All major cardiovascular risk factors were also measured. Based on Rose angina, self-reported history of CHD or ECG-defined CHD, the aged-adjusted prevalence of CHD was 21.8% [22.3% in women and 18.8% in men]. Variables independently associated with CHD were female sex, age, systolic blood pressure, 2-hour postprandial glucose, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio and LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio

Prevalence of current smoking in Eastern province, Saudi Arabia
Al Turki, K.A.; Al Baghli, N.A.; Al Ghamdi, A.J.; El Zubaier, A.G.; Al Ghamdi, R.; Alameer, M.M. ( 2010 )

All Saudi Arabian residents of the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia aged 30+ years completed a structured interview questionnaire about smoking. The prevalence of current smoking [smoked > 100 cigarettes or any tobacco products including waterpipe in lifetime and still smoking daily or occasionally for 1 month or more] among 196 268 respondents was 16.9% [28.7% among men and 4.5% among women]. There was a significantly higher prevalence of smoking at younger ages in men and older ages in women. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that factors independently associated with smoking were lower socioeconomic status, lower education, being divorced and occupations such as the military and self-employed

[Prevalence of dental caries in children with low birth weight]
Maatouk, F. ( 1996 )

Dental caries was evaluated in 58 children with low birth weight [750-2500 g] and in a control group of 58 children with birth weights greater than 2500 g. All children were examined for their caries experience using a standardized clinical examination. The results showed a higher prevalence of caries in the children with low birth weight [77.5%] than in the children with birth weights greater than 2500 g [44.8%], the difference being statistically significant [P < 0.001]. There was a negative correlation between birth weight groups and prevalence of caries [r = -0.34]. It was concluded that children with low birth weight have a greater risk of dental caries than others

The prevalence of dental disease in the Western Pacific and its public health importance
Regional Committee for the Western Pacific, 012 ( 1961 )
Prevalence of depigmentation of the shins : a simple and cheap way to screen for severe endemic onchocerciasis in Africa / B. Carme ... [et al.]
Carme, B; Ntsoumou-Madzou, V; Samba, Y; Yebakima, A ( 1993 )
Prevalence of depression and associated factors among elderly Sudanese: a household survey in Khartoum State
Assil, S.M.; Zeidan , Z.A. ( 2013 )

We assessed depression among 300 elderly Sudanese [age 60+ years]. We conducted a cross-sectional household survey in 3 localities in Khartoum State. A 2-stage stratified sampling was carried out to select the localities and then the areas using simple random sampling; then systematic random sampling was used to select households. The prevalence of depression was 47.5%. Depression was significantly associated with age [P = 0.002], level of education [P = 0.015], occupation [P < 0.001], the problems of everyday living [P = 0.026], and social problems [P < 0.001]. After controlling for confounders using multiple logistic regression, we found that depression was 4 times greater among the elderly retired compared to the elderly working, 3 times greater among the elderly with social problems and those who were suffering from urine incontinence and 2 times greater among the elderly with living problems

Prevalence of diabetes mellitus among Bahrainis attending primary health care centres
Al Zurba, F.I.; Al Garf, A. ( 1996 )

A sample of 573 subjects from a Bahraini population aged 20 years and above was randomly selected from persons attending four health centres. The capillary blood glucose level was measured with reflectance meter 2 hours after administering 75 g oral glucose in people with negative history for diabetes. An alarmingly high prevalence of total glucose intolerance was found. The observed prevalence rate of diabetes mellitus was 25.5%, with a further 14.7% prevalence for glucose intolerance. Hypertension and positive family history of diabetes among diabetic subjects were 27.6% and 41.7%, respectively, and mean body mass index was 27.9 +/- 5.2. Effective primary prevention strategies are needed, to be intensified among high risk groups. Awareness of the disease needs to be promoted

Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in a rural Palestinian population
Husseini, A. ( 2000 )

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance was investigated in a cross-sectional population-based study in a rural Palestinian population of 500 females and males aged 30-65 years. The prevalence of diabetes was 9.6% and 10.0% in females and males respectively. The prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance was 8.6%; 10.3% in females, 6.2% in males. The prevalence of total glucose intolerance [diabetes mellitus + impaired glucose tolerance] was 18.4%. Our study provides the first baseline data on diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in Palestine. The results indicate a high prevalence of glucose intolerance, information that is essential for the implementation of national planning and service provision

Prevalence of endocrine complications in beta-thalassaemia major in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Shahriari, M.; Sadjadian, N. ( 2003 )

To identify the prevalence of endocrine dysfunction in Iranians with beta-thalassaemia, we assessed thyroid, parathyroid, pancreatic and adrenal function in 150 beta-thalassaemic patients aged 10-22 years at the Paediatrics Unit, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Primary hypothyroidism was found in 6.0% of patients [mean age: 14.6 +/- 1.9 years], hypoparathyroidism in 7.3% [14.5 +/- 3.2 years], type 1 diabetes mellitus in 7.3% [13.9 +/- 2.8 years] and adrenal insufficiency in 1 patient. The relatively high frequency of endocrine dysfunction found in our study may be a result of poor disease control and management in early life when irreversible tissue damage occurs due to iron overload. These findings reinforce the importance of regular follow-up of patients with beta-thalassaemia major for early detection and management of associated complications

The prevalence of epilepsy follows the distribution of onchocerciasis in a West Ugandan focus / C. Kaiser ... [et al.]
Kaiser, C; Kipp, W; Asaba, G; Mugisa, C; Kabagambe, G; Rating, D; Leichsenring, M ( 1996 )
Prevalence of factor V Leiden mutation in patients with thrombosis in Tunisia
Ajem, A.; Slama, A.; Slama, F.B.H.; Mehjoub, T. ( 2009 )

This study determined the prevalence of inherited factor V Leiden mutation in a group of 128 thrombosis patients [102 with venous thrombosis and 26 with arterial thrombosis] attending a hospital in Sousse, Tunisia, and a control group of 100 with no history of thrombosis. Using an allele-specific PCR amplification technique, factor V Leiden was found in significantly more patients [20.3%] than controls [6.0%]. The higher prevalence was significant in the subgroup of venous thrombosis patients but not in arterial thrombosis patients. The allele frequency was 3.5% in the normal Tunisian population. Screening Tunisian patients with venous thrombosis and their relatives for factor V Leiden may be justified

Prevalence of food contamination with Listeria spp. in Kermanshah, Islamic Republic of Iran
Akya, A.; Najafi, F.; Moradi, J.; Mohebi, Z.; Adabagher, S. ( 2013 )

Listeria monocytogenes is a human pathogen causing serious diseases. We aimed to determine food contamination with Listeria spp. in Kermanshah, Islamic Republic of Iran. Samples [185 dairy, 187 meat products and 158 ready-to-eat foods such as salads] were randomly collected from markets. After processing, samples were cultured in half-Fraser and Fraser broth followed by cultivation on PALCAM and Oxford media. Confirmatory tests including carbohydrate utilization were performed on isolates to determine species. Bacteria were isolated from 66/530 samples [12.5%]. Meat products showed the highest [27.2%] and dairy products the lowest [3.8%] contamination rates. L. innocua was found in 56 [10.6%] samples, but L. monocytogenes was only found in 3 samples [0.6%]. The results indicate that the rate of contamination with L. monocytogenes, even for ready-to-eat foods, was low but for other Listeria spp., in particular strains of L. innocua, the rate of contamination was higher, suggesting that more control on food sanitation is required

Prevalence of genital chlamydia in Iranian males with urethritis attending clinics in Mashhad
Ghanaat, J.; Afshari, J.T.; Ghazvini, K.; Malvandi, M. ( 2008 )

Chlamydia trachomatis is a common cause of sexually transmitted disease which can cause severe consequences. Effective prevention requires knowledge of prevalence of infection in order to target interventions in a cost-effective manner. To determine the prevalence of chlamydial infection in Mashhad, northeastern Islamic Republic of Iran, this study was performed among male patients with urethritis. Urethral discharge was collected from 150 patients. Cell culture was established for diagnosis of Chlamydia in genital specimens. Cell culture showed that 9.3% of patients in this study were infected with Chlamydia. This study provides strong evidence that prevalence of Chlamydia in our region is quite high, which necessitates screening and treatment for the infection

Prevalence of gestational diabetes and pregnancy outcome in Pakistan
Jawad, F.; Irshad uddin, P ( 1996 )

Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus and the pregnancy outcome of women registered at the Aga Khan Maternity Home, Karachi was studied. Initial screening was by a glucose challenge test with 50 g glucose. If the 1-hour blood glucose level exceeded 130 mg%, then a 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test with 100 g glucose was performed. Diagnosis was based on O'Sullivan's criteria. Insulin was prescribed if the fasting blood glucose was more than 95 mg%, and the 2-hour post-prandial over 125 mg%, after a week of diet therapy. The prevalence of gestational diabetes was 3.45% with an aggregate birth weight of 3.24 kg, and perinatal loss of 2.08%. The mean blood glucose values were 93.46 mg% fasting and 117.03 mg%, 2 hours post-prandial

Prevalence of glucose-6-phospahte dehydrogenase deficiency among schoolboys in Kermanshah, Islamic Republic of Iran
Rahini, Z.; Raygani, A.V.; Siabani, S.; Mozafari, H.; Nagel, R.L.; Muniz, A. ( 2008 )
Prevalence of goitre and urinary iodine status of primary-school children in Lesotho / Masekonyela Linono Damane Sebotsa ... [et al.]
Sebotsa, Masekonyela Linono Damane; Dannhauser, Andre; Jooste, Pieter L; Joubert, Gina ( 2003 )
Prevalence of HCV/HIV co-infection among haemophilia patients in Baghdad
Al Kubaisy, W.A.; Al Naib, K.T.; Habib, M.A. ( 2006 )

To estimate the seroprevalence of HCV infection among HIV-infected haemophiliacs and to demonstrate the most prevalent HCV genotype, 47 HIV-infected haemophilia patients were screened for anti-HCV antibodies. By performing polymerase chain reaction and DNA enzyme immunoassay, HCV-RNA was detected with subsequent genotyping. Seroprevalence of anti-HCV antibodies was 66.0%. Of 31 HCV/HIV co-infected patients, 21 [67.7%] had no history of blood transfusion. We detected 4 HCV genotypes: 1a, 1b, 4 and 4 mixed with 3a, HCV-1b being the most frequent. Contaminated factor VIII [clotting factor] could be responsible for disease acquisition

Prevalence of helminth ova in soil samples from public places in Shiraz
Motazedian, H.; Mehrabani, D.; Tabatabaee, S.H.R.; Pakniat, A.; Tavalali, M. ( 2006 )

To determine the prevalence of helminth eggs in public places and children's playgrounds, 112 soil samples were collected in 26 sites in Shiraz, southern Islamic Republic of Iran, during September 2002- September 2003. Toxocara cati ova were found in 7 [6.3%] samples, 2 had Ascaris ova, 3 had larvae morphologically similar to Strongyloides stercoralis. Coccidia oocysts were also observed in 4 samples. No contamination was observed during the dry season

Showing results 78686 to 78705 of 145536 < previous   next >