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Showing results 78686 to 78705 of 201819 < previous   next >
Is Credé 's prophylaxis for ophthalmia neonatorum still valid? / Ulrich C. Schaller and Volker Klauss
Schaller, Ulrich C; Klauss, Volker ( 2001 )
Is equity in health different from equity in general? : discussion / Daniel Wikler
Wikler, Daniel; World Health Organization ( 1997 )
Is estimating maternal mortality useful? : editorial / Pierre Buekens
Buekens, Pierre ( 2001 )
Is excess male infant mortality from sudden infant death syndrome and other respiratory diseases X-linked?
Mage, David T; Donner, E Maria ( 2013-12-20 )

AIM: Male excess infant mortality is well known but unexplained. In 2004, we reported sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other infant respiratory deaths showed a ~50% male excess in the United States between 1979 and 2002. This study analyses expanded US data from 1968 to 2010 to see whether infant respiratory deaths still show similar ~50% male excess and may be X-linked. METHODS: The analysis compared infant mortality data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1968-2010, with 11 World Health Organization International Classification of Diseases (ICD) rubric groups for respiratory deaths by accidents, congenital anomalies, respiratory diseases and causes unknown. RESULTS: The 11 ICD groupings presented male excesses of ~50% and combining the 453,953 US cases produced a male fraction of 0.6034, a 52.1% male excess. A further 72,380 non-US respiratory cases showed a similar 0.6055 male fraction, a 53.5% male excess. CONCLUSION: The constant ~50% male excess for quite different causes of respiratory death suggests they all have a common terminal event and that is acute anoxic encephalopathy. We hypothesise that this constant male excess phenomenon must be caused by a single X-linked gene, with a recessive condition, leading to a predisposition to succumb to acute anoxic encephalopathy.

Is globalization good for your health? / David Dollar
Dollar, David ( 2001 )
Is H9N2 avian influenza virus a pandemic potential?
Rave, Supriya; Alexander, Paul E; De, Prithwish ( 2009-01-01 )
Is household air pollution a risk factor for eye disease?
Araj, Houmam; Lee, David J; Chen, Dong Feng; Adair-Rohani, Heather; Lee, Jennifer S; Schaumberg, Debra A; West, Sheila K; Bates, Michael N ( 2013-10-25 )

In developing countries, household air pollution (HAP) resulting from the inefficient burning of coal and biomass (wood, charcoal, animal dung and crop residues) for cooking and heating has been linked to a number of negative health outcomes, mostly notably respiratory diseases and cancers. While ocular irritation has been associated with HAP, there are sparse data on adverse ocular outcomes that may result from acute and chronic exposures. We consider that there is suggestive evidence, and biological plausibility, to hypothesize that HAP is associated with some of the major blinding, and painful, eye conditions seen worldwide. Further research on this environmental risk factor for eye diseases is warranted.

Is it leflunomide lung
( 2009 )
Is it necessary to continue indefinitely DDT residual spraying programmes ? : relevant observations made in Greece / by G. Livadas
Livadas, G; WHO Expert Committee on Malaria ( 1952 )
Is it the nicotine or the tobacco? / David Sweanor
Sweanor, David ( 2000 )
Is Liver Damage Dependent on the Serotype of Dengue Virus?-A Study in Maxico.
Vazquez-Pichardo, M; Rosales-Jimenez, C; Rojas-Espinosa, O; Lopez-Martinez, I ( 2006-12 )
Is malnutrition declining? : an analysis of changes in levels of child malnutrition since 1980 / Mercedes de Onis, Edward A. Frongillo, and Monika Blössner
De Onis, Mercedes; Frongillo, Edward A; Blössner, Monika ( 2000 )
Is Q fever an emerging infection in Turkey?
Gozalan, A.; Esen, B.; Rolain, J.M.; Akin, L.; Raoult, D. ( 2005 )

Between 4 May and 8 August 2002,46 cases of acute fever were reported near the Black Sea region in northern Turkey. The infection was treated rapidly and successfully with tetracyclines, so clinical diagnosis of rickettsial or ehrlichial infection was considered. Analysis of serum and blood samples taken from 19 patients identified the causative organism as Coxiella burnetii; 7 cases were reported as acute Q fever and 8 as seropositive for past infection. The most common clinical symptoms among the acute cases were vomiting [100.0%], nausea [85.7%], diarrhoea [57.1%], fever [42.9%], abdominal pain [42.9%] and headache [42.9%]. Liver enzymes were elevated in all patients. It is considered that epidemiological investigation for Q fever will be essential in the affected region in future

Is registration of foreign medical teams needed for disaster response? Findings from the response to Typhoon Haiyan
Buenaventura, Joel; Zagaria, Nevio; Peiris, Sasha ( 2015-10-01 )
Is routine vaccination a necessity in a smallpox eradication programme? / by P.A. Koswara
Koswara, P. A; World Health Organization; International Assessment of Smallpox Eradication in Indonesia (1974) ( 1974 )
Is routine vaccination a necessity in a smallpox eradication programme? / by P.A. Koswara
Koswara, P. A; World Health Organization; WHO Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication (1970 : New Delhi, India) ( 1970 )
Is screening for diabetes among tuberculosis patients feasible at the field level?
Kumar, A M V; Swamy, N M V; Nair, S; Naik, B; Isaakidis, P; Suryakant, M D; Satyanarayana, S; Harries, A D ( 2013-11-01 )

SETTING: Seventeen peripheral health institutions (PHI) in Kolar district (population: 0.5 million), South India. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and results of screening patients with tuberculosis (TB) for diabetes mellitus (DM) at peripheral level. DESIGN: From January to September 2012, all TB patients were assessed for DM. Those with unknown DM status were screened for the disease (free of charge) by trained laboratory technicians at each PHI, using a glucometer supplied by the national programme on a capillary blood sample. Those with fasting blood glucose (FBG) ≥ 126 mg/dl (≥7 mM) were diagnosed as DM-positive. RESULTS: Of 362 TB patients, 358 (99%) were assessed for DM and 62 (17.1%) had the diseases-53 (14.6%) had a previous history of DM and 9 (2.9%) were newly diagnosed. All new DM patients were enrolled into DM care. Higher DM prevalence was found among TB patients aged ≥40 years, smokers and those with smear-positive pulmonary TB. To detect a new case of DM, the number needed to screen (NNS) among TB patients was 40. CONCLUSION: Screening of TB patients for DM was feasible and effective in a peripheral setting. The availability of trained laboratory technicians and free services at every PHI made the intervention feasible. The study has contributed towards a national policy decision in this regard.

Is stored expressed breast milk an alternative for working Egyptian mothers?
Ezz El Din, Z.M.; Abdel Ghaffar, S.; El Gabry, E.K.; Fahmi, W.A.; Bedair, R.F. ( 2004 )

Expression and storage of breast milk is way to maintain breastfeeding when mother and infant are separated, if the nutritional value can be conserved. Three expressed breast milk samples were collected from 61 healthy lactating mothers in Cairo, Egypt, for determination of total protein, fat, lactose and zinc content, as well as vitamins C, A and E concentrations. One sample was analysed immediately without storage, 1 after storage for 24 hours in a refrigerator [4 degrees C] and 1 after storage for 1 week in a home freezer [-4 degrees C to -8 degrees C]. Refrigeration and freezing of breast milk caused a statistically significant decline in levels of vitamins C, A and E. Nevertheless, the values of all nutrients were still within the international reference ranges for mature breast milk

Is the Hippocratic Oath an anachronism? [letter] / Spyros G. Marketos, Athanassios A. Diamandopoulos, Christos B. Moschos
Marketos, Spyros G; Diamandopoulos, Athanassios A; Moschos, Christos B ( 1995 )
Is there a business continuity plan for emergencies like an Ebola outbreak or other pandemics?
Kandel, Nirmal ( 2015-01-01 )

During emergencies, the health system will be overwhelmed and challenged by various factors like staff absenteeism and other limited resources. More than half of the workforce in Liberia has been out of work since the start of the Ebola outbreak. It is vital to continue essential services like maternal and child health care, emergency care and others while responding to emergencies like an Ebola outbreak other pandemic or disaster. Having a business continuity plan (BCP) and involving various sectors during planning and implementing the plan during a crisis will assist in providing essential services to the public. An established BCP will not only help the continuity of services, it also assists in maintaining achievements of sustainable development. This applies to all sectors other than health, for instance, energy sectors, communication, transportation, education, production and agriculture.

Showing results 78686 to 78705 of 201819 < previous   next >