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Dietary fat and breast cancer in Saudi Arabia: a case-control study
Al Othaimeen, A.; Ezzat, A.; Mohamed, G.; Muammar, T.; Al Madouj, A. ( 2004 )
Abstract

A case-control study investigated the association between dietary fat and breast cancer in Saudi Arabian women attending a specialist hospital in Riyadh. Women with breast carcinoma [n= 499] newly diagnosed between 1996-2002, and control women [n = 498] randomly selected from patients' attendants and relatives, completed a food frequency questionnaire. Serum levels of triglycerides and total cholesterol were measured. A significant positive association was found between risk of breast cancer and intake of fats, protein and calories. Adjusted odds ratios for the highest quartile of intake versus the lowest were 2.43 for saturated fat, 2.25 for animal protein, 2.12 for polyunsaturated fat, 1.88 for cholesterol and 2.69 for total energy from dietary intake. For serum triglycerides the adjusted odds ratio was 2.16 for the highest quartile

Dietary fats and oils in human nutrition : report of an expert consultation held in Rome, 21-30 September 1977 / jointly organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization
World Health Organization; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations ( 1980 )
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Dietary guideline for Bahamas
Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute; Pan American Health Organization ( 2011 )
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Dietary intake of fruit and vegetables and management of body weight [electronic resource] / Beth Carlton Tohill
Tohill, Beth Carlton; Joint FAO/WHO Workshop on Fruit and Vegetables for Health ((2004 : Kobe, Japan) ( 2005 )
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Dietary intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases [electronic resource] / Lydia A. Bazzano
Bazzano, Lydia A; World Health Organization; Joint FAO/WHO Workshop on Fruit and Vegetables for Health (2004 : Kobe, Japan) ( 2005 )
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Dietary management of surgical patients: effects on incisional wound healing
El Banna, H.M.; Tolba, K.G.; Darwish, O.A. ( 1996 )
Abstract

A study of 38 patients was undertaken at the main University Hospital in Alexandria. The sample was divided into a control group and an experimental group. Findings show statistically significant differences between the two groups in the level of education, but no difference in blood picture, body mass index or nutritional status. There was a difference in the rate of wound healing in the two groups, and a relationship between the nutritional status and wound healing in the control group. Total hospital stays for the control group were longer than those for the experimental group. The nutritional status of surgical patients, as well as their food intake, should be evaluated at short intervals before and after surgery

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Dietary management of young children with acute diarrhoea : a manual for managers of health programmes / D. B. Jelliffe & E. F. P. Jelliffe
Jelliffe, Derrick Brian; Jelliffe, Eleonore Florence Patrice; World Health Organization; UNICEF ( 1991 )
Abstract

Sets out principles and practices designed to guide the correct early feeding of young children suffering from acute diarrhoea. Addressed to district programme managers, the book advocates an approach to management that combines feeding practices, backed by the latest scientific knowledge, with efforts to uncover cultural beliefs that may either support or impede successful management. The book opens with a brief review of findings relevant to the dietary management of acute diarrhoea as a means of preventing malnutrition. Readers are introduced to the relationship between diarrhoea and malnutrition, groups at special risk, causal factors, and facts about food digestion and nutrient absorption during diarrhoea that support the benefits of early feeding. The second chapter offers a guide to the selection of foods during and after diarrhoea, emphasizing the importance of issuing medical advice in keeping with an awareness of traditional beliefs and practices that may influence acceptance. The third chapter, focused on the collection of information, presents a series of thirteen questions useful in gathering information about traditional attitudes and beliefs concerning breastfeeding, artificial feeding, weaning, and the recommendation or avoidance of certain foods during diarrhoea. A chapter on prevention concentrates on dietary measures, for infants and during weaning, that can decrease the likelihood of swallowing harmful bacteria or viruses and increase resistance to infection. Tables and charts are used to outline feeding practices according to age from birth to two years, to describe the multimix principle for introducing weaning foods, and to indicate foods that are rich in energy and nutrients. The book concludes with a tabular guide to the dietary management of diarrhoea according to four stages, moving from diarrhoea without obvious dehydration to convalescence

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Dietary patterns and oral health in schoolchildren from Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic
Jaghasi, I.; Hatahet, W.; Dashash, M. ( 2012 )
Abstract

This study investigated the association between dietary patterns and oral health in primary-school children from Damascus. Atotal of 504 children aged 6-12 years were enrolled and food frequency questionnaires were distributed to their guardians to evaluate food consumption. Dental health was evaluated by gingival index and presence of untreated dental caries. Consumption of food groups was lower than recommended frequencies, whereas consumption of sugars was high. High sugar consumption [OR 5.26], low consumption of dairy products [OR 2,45] and poor oral hygiene [OR 2.98] remained risk factors for dental caries in multiple regression analysis. Poor oral hygiene [OR 18.5], high consumption of sugars [OR 1.82] and low frequency of tooth brushing [OR 1.98] also remained as risk factors for gingivitis regardless of all confounders included in the analysis. Comprehensive educational programmes about dietary patterns and their relation to oral health should be provided for children and their guardians

Dietary supplements containing ephedra : safety issues
( 2003 )
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Dietas de los miembros del Consejo Ejecutivo
Asamblea Mundial de la Salud, 21 ( 1968 )
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Dietetic practice: the past, present and future
Hwalla, N.; Koleilat, M. ( 2004 )
Abstract

The history of dietetics can be traced as far back as the writings of Homer, Plato and Hippocrates in ancient Greece. Although diet and nutrition continued to be judged important for health, dietetics did not progress much till the 19th century with the advances in chemistry. Early research focused focuses on vitamin deficiency diseases while later workers proposed daily requirements for protein, fat and carbohydrates. Dietetics as a profession was given a boost during the Second World War when its importance was recognized by the military. Today, professional dietetic associations can be found on every continent, and registered dietitians are involved in health promotion and treatment, and work alongside physicians. The growing need for dietetics professionals is driven by a growing public interest in nutrition and the potential of functional foods to prevent a variety of diet-related conditions

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Diethyl phthalate
Sekizawa, Jun; Dobson, Stuart; Touch, Ralph J; Sekizawa, Jun; Dobson, Stuart; Touch, Ralph J; World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 2003 )
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Diethylcarbamazine : a review of the literature with special reference to its pharmacodynamics, toxicity, and use in the therapy of onchocerciasis and other filarial infections / by Frank Hawking
Hawking, Frank; World Health Organization ( 1978 )
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Diethylene glycol dimethyl ether
Boehncke, A; Konnecker, G; Mangelsdorf, Inge; World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 2002 )
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Diethylene glycol poisoning in Gurgaon, Haryana, India, 1998 [letter] / Ashwini Kumar
Kumar, Ashwini ( 2001 )
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Diethylene glycol poisoning in Gurgaon, India, 1998 / Jagvir Singh ...[et al.]
Singh, Jagvir; Dutta, A. K; Khare, Shashi; Dubey, N. K; Harit, A. K; Jain, N. K; Wadhwa, T. C; Gupta, S. R; Dhariwal, A. C; Jain, D. C; Bhatia, Rajesh; Sokhey, Jotna ( 2001 )
Diethylhexyl phthalate / published under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Programme, the International Labour Organisation, and the World Health Organization
World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 1992 )
Abstract

Evaluates the risks to human health and the environment posed by the production, processing, use, and disposal of diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP). DEHP is produced in large quantities for use as a resin-softening plasticizer, with major application in the production of polyvinyl chloride used in the construction and packaging industries and in components of medical devices, including tubes used in transfusions and dialysis. Findings from over 300 recent studies were critically assessed. The opening sections characterize the behaviour of DEHP in different environmental media and summarize data indicating concentrations detected in air, precipitation, water, sediment, soil, biota, food, and the workplace environment. These studies show that, while DEHP is rapidly photodegraded in the atmosphere, aerobic biodegradation is slow, and anaerobic degradation is even slower. The report concludes that adverse effects on environmental organisms are likely in areas where water and sediment are highly contaminated. The most extensive section examines the results of numerous toxicological studies in laboratory animals and in vitro test systems. Significant findings include testicular atrophy and neoplastic effects on the liver in rats and mice. An evaluation of numerous studies on the mechanisms of hepatotoxicity concludes that the livers of rats and mice are exquisitely sensitive to DEHP and other peroxisome proliferators, while the livers of guinea-pigs, monkeys, and humans show minimal or no response. Determination of the effects of DEHP on human health was severely limited by the paucity of available data. Case reports of adverse effects linked to haemodialysis and artificial ventilation underscore the need to reduce exposure arising from the use of plastic tubes containing DEHP in such clinical procedures as transfusion, haemodialysis, and artificial respiration

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Dieting behaviours, obesity and predictors of dieting among female college students at Palestinian universities
Bayyari, W.D.; Henry, L.J.; Jones, C. ( 2013 )
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore dieting practices of female Palestinian college students. Participants [n = 410] were selected by cluster-sampling from 4 Palestinian universities. A regression model investigated dieting using: body mass index [BMI]; body satisfaction; self-esteem; dress style; exercise; sociocultural factors; residence; strength of faith; perceived impact of weight on social interaction; and number of previous times dieting. Significant predictors of dieting were low body satisfaction, number of previous dieting times, perceived media pressure, regular exercising, BMI, and perceived impact of weight on social interaction. The model accounted for 45% of the variance in dieting. Body satisfaction was not significantly correlated with self-esteem or strength of faith, which indicates that [internalization of thinness] may be becoming evident among populations in certain developing countries, as in [Western] countries

Diez años sin viruela / Holger Lundbeck
Lundbeck, Holger ( 1987 )
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Diez estrategias para preservar la seguridad de los niños en las carreteras
Organización Mundial de la Salud ( 2015 )
Showing results 35734 to 35753 of 162649 < previous   next >