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Contaminated soil in cities : children playing outside
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2000 )

City parks, public play areas and private gardens often contain contaminated soil. Children, especially very young ones, are particularly sensitive to contamination and adults therefore have a special duty to protect them. In order to eliminate health risks in areas where children play we must be aware of how to act when children play in even slightly contaminated areas. This pamphlet is written primarily for principals and teachers of day care institutions and parents of young children. It contains advice about daily precautions regarding children and their play and provides basic background information on pollution and its effects

Contaminated soil in gardens : how to avoid the harmful effects
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1999 )

In many cities, gardens are located on old, abandoned landfills and dumping sites. Cities have expanded by filling up spaces around the city with garbage, rubble and earth. The places where old landfills were have often become gardens where citizens can get away and enjoy the open air away from the noise and racket of cities. Normal garbage and rubble in landfills do not present a problem, however industrial and chemical waste can present a health hazard, especially when concentrations of contaminants are above acceptable limits. Some special precautions are proposed in this booklet so that the potential ill effects of contaminated soil can be avoided

Contaminated weaning food : a major risk factor for diarrhoea and associated malnutrition / Y. Motarjemi ... [et al.]
Motarjemi, Yasmine; Kaferstein, Fritz K; Moy, Gerald G; Quevedo, Fernando ( 1993 )
Contamination alimentaire et diarrhée / Steven A. Esrey
Esrey, Steven A ( 1990 )
Contamination of drinking water by arsenic in Bangladesh : a public health emergency / Allan H. Smith, Elena O. Lingas and Mahfuzar Rahman
Smith, Allan H; Lingas, Elena O; Rahman, Mahfuzar ( 2000 )
Contemporary concepts of the pathogenesis of rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease : influencing the focus of research
Kaplan, Edward L; WHO Study Group on Rheumatic Fever/Rheumatic Heart Disease (1987 : Geneva) ( 1987 )
Contemporary patterns of breast-feeding : report on the WHO Collaborative Study on Breast-feeding
WHO Collaborative Study on Breast-Feeding; World Health Organization ( 1981 )

Reports the findings of a major cross-sectional study of breast-feeding involving twenty-three thousand mother-child pairs in nine countries in Africa, Latin America, South-East Asia, Europe and the Pacific. The main objective was to determine which factors encourage or discourage breast-feeding and promote artificial feeding in different socio-economic groups. Conclusions indicate that urban middle- and upper-income groups are less likely to breast-feed than urban lower-income groups, that urban poor groups are less likely to breast-feed than rural traditional groups, and that the age and parity of mothers do not appear to influence breast-feeding behaviour. The study also underscored the importance of supplementary feeding, revealing some degree of growth impairment in the absence of additional foods by six months

The contemporary use of standards in health care / E. G. Heidemann
Heidemann, E. G; World Health Organization. District Health Systems Unit ( 1993 )
La Contenci'on de casos acelera la erradicaci'on de la dracunculosis / K. D. Kappus ... [et al.]
Kappus, K. D; Hopkins, Donald R; Ruiz-Tiben, Ernesto; Imtiaz, R; Andersen, J; Azam, M; Attiq, A ( 1991 )
La contención de la resistancia a los antimicrobianos
World Health Organization. Dept. of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy ( 2005 )
Contengamos la resistencia microbiana
World Health Organization. Communicable Diseases Cluster ( 2000 )
Contenido de fluoruro del agua potable y de las bebidas en Jordania [carta] / Faiez N. Hattab, Nayif El-Dahar, Nabil S. Salem
Hattab, Faiez N; El-Dahar, Nayif; Salem, Nabil S ( 1997 )
The content and structure of methadone treatment programmes : a study in six countries / by Michael Gossop and Marcus Grant
Gossop, Michael; Grant, Marcus; World Health Organization. Programme on Substance Abuse ( 1990 )
Content Validity of the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases: An International Delphi Survey
Kirchberger, Inge; Stucki, Gerold; Jobst, Andrea; Stucki, Armin; Cieza, Alarcos ( 2013-04-05 )

The "Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD)" is an application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and represents the typical spectrum of problems in functioning of patients with COPD. The objective of this study was to validate this ICF Core Set from the perspective of physicians.Physicians experienced in COPD treatment were asked about the patients' problems treated by physicians in patients with COPD in a three-round electronic mail survey using the Delphi technique. Responses were linked to the ICF.Seventy-six physicians in 44 countries gave a total of 1330 responses that were linked to 148 different ICF categories. Nine ICF categories were not represented in the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for COPD although at least 75% of the participants have rated them as important. Nineteen concepts were linked to the not yet developed ICF component personal factors and seventeen concepts were not covered by the ICF.The high percentage of ICF categories represented in the ICF Core Set for COPD indicates satisfactory content validity from the perspective of the physicians. However, some issues were raised that were not covered and need to be investigated further.

Content validity of the work rehabilitation questionnaire-self-report version WORQ-SELF in a subgroup of spinal cord injury patients
Escorpizo, R; Staubli, S; Finger, M E; Portmann Bergamaschi, R ( 2013-11-19 )

STUDY DESIGN: Mixed methods study design. OBJECTIVES: The Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire-Self-Report Version (WORQ-SELF) is an assessment tool based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) developed to evaluate functioning in different patient populations in vocational rehabilitation (VR) settings. The objective of this study is to establish the content validity of WORQ-SELF in a subgroup of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients in the early post-acute context. SETTING: Swiss Paraplegic Research and Swiss Paraplegic Centre, Nottwil, Switzerland. METHODS: Contents of WORQ-SELF were compared with semi-guided interviews with SCI patients in Switzerland, the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for SCI early post-acute, and outcome instruments used in VR and SCI. A frequency analysis was performed. RESULTS: WORQ-SELF represented 46 different ICF categories and of these 37 categories were confirmed by the patient interviews. The Comprehensive ICF Core Set for SCI confirmed 25 categories. Four instruments used in VR and SCI setting were identified. Contents of those instruments confirmed 14 categories of WORQ-SELF. Overall, 26 categories of the WORQ-SELF were confirmed by at least 2 of the 3 sources, 13 categories by 1 source and 7 were not confirmed by any of the sources. CONCLUSION: The WORQ-SELF proved to have content validity for utility in patients with SCI within the context of VR. WORQ-SELF can be used to assess the functioning and disability of patients in the return to work process.

( 1984-12 )
Contents (List)
Pan American Health Organization ( 1996 )
( 1987-12 )
SEA-ACHR-29-00-List of documents_Final_9Jun-04.pdf.jpg
Contents: 29th session of WHO South-East Asia, Advisory Committee on Health Research, 14-16 June 2004, Yangon, Myanmar
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia ( 2004-06-09 )
Content sheet_30-ACHR_05 March07.pdf.jpg
Contents: WHO South-East Asia Advisory Committee, thirtieth session of WHO South-East Asia Advisory Committee on Health Research, Jakarta, Indonesia, 14-16 March 2007
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia ( 2007-03-05 )
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