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Knowledge about condoms and their use in less developed countries during a period of rising AIDS prevalence / H. I. Goldberg ... [et al.]
Goldberg, H. I; Lee, N. C; Oberle, Mark W; Peterson, H. B ( 1989 )
Knowledge about cystic fibrosis and other genetic diseases in affected families and in the general population / by J. J. Cassiman
Cassiman, J. J; World Health Organization. Hereditary Diseases Programme; Joint WHO/ICF(MA Task Force on Cystic Fibrosis (1990 : Leningrad/Moscow, USSR) ( 1990 )
Knowledge about hepatitis B and C among patients attending family medicine clinics in Karachi
Khuwaja, A.K.; Qureshi, R.; Fatmi, Z. ( 2002 )

Knowledge about hepatitis B and C was assessed in a cross-sectional study of 300 adults aged 18 or older attending family medicine clinics at The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. Most knew that hepatitis B and C are viral diseases that primarily affect the liver, but knowledge about risk factors for disease transmission was poor. Approximately 70% knew that hepatitis B is vaccine preventable; 60% had the misconception that hepatitis C is also vaccine preventable. The majority incorrectly believed that people with hepatitis B or C should follow the diet 'parhaiz'. Generally women knew more than men about the diseases. This study suggests that health education about these infections should be provided to the public. Family physicians can play an important role in educating people about the prevention of these diseases

[Knowledge about hepatitis B and C viruses and HIV among blood donors in Casablanca]
Boutayeb, H.; Aamoum, A.; Benchemsi, N. ( 2006 )

A survey was conducted in the Casablanca Regional Blood Transfusion Centre from to May 2002. A questionnaire was given to 1750 blood donors from different groups of society February to assess the knowledge of the public about hepatitis B and C and human immunodeficiency viruses. The responses indicated that the mechanism of HIV transmission was well known to the public: 85% gave correct answers. Hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses were less well understood: 60% and 54% gave correct answers respectively. Our study suggests that the public needs to be better informed about hepatitis B and C virus transmission

Knowledge about standard precautions among university hospital nurses in the United Arab Emirates
Sreedharan, J.; Muttappillymyalil, J.; Venkotramana, M. ( 2011 )

Standard/universal precautions reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne infections among patients and health care workers. This study was conducted to assess the awareness and knowledge of standard precautions among nurses in a university teaching hospital in Ajman, United Arab Emirates. All nurses working in the hospital were given a structured, self-administered, anonymous questionnaire: 101 nurses participated [range of experience from < 1 to 22 years]. Overall 97.0% of respondents were familiar with the concept of standard precautions. Of these 61.2% believed that the blood and body fluids of all patients are potentially infectious irrespective of their diagnostic status, while 27.6% thought only diagnosed patients and 11.2% only suspected cases are potentially infectious. Less than that standard precautions aimed to protect both health care workers as well as patients [45,9%]. The study highlights a need to implement a programme to improve knowledge on standard precautions

Knowledge and attitude about antismoking legislation in Morocco according to smoking status
Tachfouti, N.; El Rhazi, K.; Berraho, M.; Benjelloun, M.C.; Slama, K.; Nejjari, C. ( 2011 )

Despite tobacco control legislation enacted in Morocco in 1996, the Moroccan population appears to have little interest in or awareness of tobacco control measures. This household survey aimed to assess knowledge and attitudes about tobacco legislation among Moroccans, according to their smoking status. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a random sample of 9195 Moroccans. Only 33.3% knew about the antismoking legislation: 38.7% of smokers versus 323% of non-smokers. Among the 3050 people who knew about the law, 60.1% knew about the ban on smoking in public areas and 22.4% knew there was an obligatory health warning on tobacco packaging. The attitude questions showed that 27.2% agreed that the price of tobacco products should increase sharply and 45.0% that antismoking legislation should prohibit tobacco sales to children. These data demonstrate low levels of information among Moroccans concerning current tobacco control legislation

Knowledge and attitude about HIV/AIDS of schoolteachers in Yazd, Islamic Republic of Iran
Mazloomy, S.S.; Baghianimoghadam, M.H. ( 2008 )

A cross-sectional interview study was made with 290 teachers in 10 high schools in Yazd city, Islamic Republic of Iran. More than 90% of the participants had previously received information about HIV and AIDS. Only 207 [71.4%] correctly answered all questions on methods of transmission of HIV/AIDS. Most knew about sexual contact [93.1%] and infected blood [92.1%] as methods of transmission. Some teachers [20.3%] thought that mosquitoes could transmit HIV/AIDS. Regarding attitudes toward HIV/AIDS, over 55% of the teachers agreed or strongly agreed that infected people should be quarantined, whereas 17% agreed or strongly agreed that AIDS is a specific disease of those with high-risk sexual behaviour. Married teachers held more positive attitudes toward HIV/AIDS than unmarried teachers

Knowledge and attitudes about reproductive health and HIV/AIDS among family planning clients
Abdel Megeid, A. ( 1996 )

The knowledge of and attitudes towards reproductive health, and in particular STDs and AIDS, were assessed in 4000 women attending primary health care/family planning facilities in Alexandria, Egypt. In all, 66% did not know the significance of the term reproductive health and 50% considered female circumcision necessary. Of the 69% of women using contraceptives, 93% were using interuterine devices. The majority knew about AIDS but did not know that the use of condoms can prevent transmission of STDs, including HIV. A comprehensive programme should be initiated to increase public awareness of the issues of reproductive health

Knowledge and attitudes of dental patients towards cross-infection control measures in dental practice
Mousa, Adel A.; Mahmoud, Nadia M.; Tag El Din, Azza M. ( 1997 )

The knowledge and attitudes of 460 dental patients attending outpatient dental clinics in Alexandria, Tanta, and El-Mansoura universities were studied. Every patient was interviewed individually using a questionnaire concerning the routine use of protective gloves, masks and spectacles. The results revealed that 90% of the patients expected dentists to wear gloves, 73% expected them to wear face masks and 37% to wear spectacles. Most patients believed that gloves were for the patient's protection while face masks and spectacles were for the dentist's protection. About 50% of patients believed that they could contract infectious diseases during dental treatment; the more educated, the greater the concern of infection. Tanta patients were more concerned about cross infection than other patients

Knowledge and attitudes of teenage students in relation to sexual issues
Al Ginedy, Mervat; El Sayed, Nasr M.; Darwish, Ahmed A. ( 1998 )

A total of 1186 Egyptian students from the governorate capital cities of Menoufia, Beheira and Beni Sueif were interviewed between October and December 1993 to determine their knowledge of and attitudes towards human sexuality. The sample comprised 620 male and 566 female students aged 13-20 years [preparatory and secondary schools]. The results indicated that there was a general lack of knowledge of sexual issues. An informal programme is recommended to improve adolescents' knowledge of sexual matters and correct misconceptions

Knowledge and attitudes towards AIDS among Saudi and non-Saudi bus drivers
Abdelmoneim, I.; Khan, M.Y.; Daffalla, A.; Al Ghamdi, S.; Al Gamal, M. ( 2002 )

We explored the AIDS knowledge and attitudes of long-distance [non-Saudi] and in-city [Saudi] bus drivers in Saudi Arabia. The 69 non-Saudi drivers tended to score higher on knowledge than the 40 Saudi drivers although there were several gaps in their knowledge. As regards attitude, more Saudis knew that chastity could protect against AIDS and both groups tended to think that they were not the kind of people to get AIDS. Intensive health education and follow up is highly recommended for this sector of workers

Knowledge and concern about avian influenza among secondary school students in Taif, Saudi Arabia
Al Shehri, A.S.; Abdel Fattah, M.; Hifnawy, T. ( 2006 )

This study identified knowledge and concerns about avian influenza among secondary school students in Taif, Saudi Arabia. A stratified random sample of 514 students from 6 secondary schools was given a self-administered multiple-choice questionnaire. Knowledge scores were significantly related to socioeconomic indicators. Approximately 70% of the participants reported that media [TV and/or radio] was the source of their information. Overall, 65.4% of the participants said they expected there to be cases of avian influenza in Saudi Arabia this year. Females were more concerned than males [70.9% versus 58.9%]. Effective school health education programmes should be implemented in order to prepare the community to deal with this important threat

[Knowledge and life experience of mothers facing certain teenager's addictive behaviours in the region of Tunis]
Askri, M.; Belgacem, B.; Zine, I.; Haddad, M.; Besrour, M. ( 2008 )

We surveyed 415 mothers who regularly consult primary healthcare centres about their knowledge of addictive behavior in teenagers in relation to tobacco, alcohol and drugs. Most mothers considered the teenage period difficult. Apprehension of this period increased with the educational level of the mothers. Mothers did not often discuss the issue of addiction with their children, especially related to alcohol and drugs. Nevertheless, the mothers were aware of the risks of addiction. They considered information campaigns about this topic an efficient means of prevention. About half of the mothers had experience of addictive conduct involving a family member. They resolved the problems through family help or consultation with a specialist

Knowledge and management of fever among Moroccan parents
Rkain, M.; Rkain, I.; Safi, M.; Kabiri, M.; Ahid, S.; Benjelloun, B. D. S. ( 2014 )

كثرا ما يكون لدى الآباء أفكار خاطئة عن الحمى التي تصيب الأطفال، كما أن المعلومات المتاحة عن التدبير العلاجي المنزلي للطفل المصاب بالحمى قليلة في المغرب. وقد استهدفت هذه الدراسة معرفة مدركات ومعارف وممارسات الأسر حول الحمى التي تصيب الأطفال، فأجرى الباحثون مقابلات مع 264 من آباء الأطفال الذين أصيبوا بالحمى في أعمار تراوحت بين 0 - 16 عاما، وذلك في قسم طوارئ الأطفال في الرباط في عام 2011 . واتضح للباحثين أن 3.5 % فقط من الآباء يعرفون التعريف الصحيح لدرجة الحرارة أثناء الحمى، وأن 54.4 % منهم يتعرفون على إصابة الطفل بالحمى باستخدام مقياس الحرارة، وأن الموضع المفضل لقياس درجة الحرارة هو الشرج، وأن معظم الآباء [96.8 % منهم]يعترون الحمى حالة خطرة قد تقود إلى تأثرات جانبية مثل تخرب الدماغ [28.9 %]، والاختلاجات [18.8 %]، والشلل [19.5 %]، وضيق النفس [14.8 %]، والسبات [14.8 %]. وقد تم استخدام الباراسيتامول في 85.9 % من الحالات، والمعالجات التقليدية في % 45.1 من الحالات. وقد ترابطت المعرفة المتعلقة بالتعريف الصحيح للحمى بمقدار يعتد به إحصائيا مع مهنة الآباء، ومستواهم التعليمي ومع تلقيهم معلومات مسبقة ومنشورات من المهنيين الصحيين

ABSTRACT Parents often have misperceptions about childhood fever, and little information is available about the home management of feverish children in Morocco. In this study of the perceptions, knowledge and practices of families regarding children’s fever, the parents of 264 febrile children aged 0–16 years were interviewed in a paediatric emergency department in Rabat in 2011. Only 3.5% of parents knew the correct temperature definition for fever, 54.4% determined their children’s fever using a thermometer, and the preferred site was rectal. Most of them (96.8%) considered that fever was a very serious condition, which could lead to side-effects such as brain damage (28.9%), seizures (18.8%) paralysis (19.5%), dyspnoea (14.8%) and coma (14.8%). Paracetamol was used by 85.9% and traditional treatments by 45.1%. Knowledge about the correct definition of fever was significantly associated with parents’ profession, educational level and receipt of previous information and advice from health professionals.

RÉSUMÉ Les parents ont souvent des perceptions erronées concernant la fièvre chez l'enfant, et les informations sur la prise en charge des enfants fébriles à domicile sont rares au Maroc. Dans la présente étude sur les perceptions, les connaissances et les pratiques des familles au sujet de la fièvre chez l'enfant, les parents de 264 enfants fébriles âgés de 0 à 16 ans ont été interrogés au sein d'un service d'urgence pédiatrique de la ville de Rabat en 2011. Seuls 3,5 % des parents connaissaient la température exacte définissant un état fébrile et 54,4 % déterminaient la fièvre de leur enfant à l'aide d'un thermomètre, de préférence par voie rectale. La plupart d'entre eux (96,8 %) considéraient que la fièvre était une affection très grave qui pouvait conduire à des effets secondaires tels que des lésions cérébrales (28,9 %), des convulsions (18,8 %), une paralysie (19,5 %), une dyspnée (14,8 %) et un coma (14,8 %). Le paracétamol a été utilisé par 85,9 % des parents et les traitements traditionnels par 45,1 %. La connaissance de la définition exacte de la fièvre était significativement associée à la profession des parents, à leur niveau d'études et à la prise de conseils et d'informations préalable auprès des professionnels de santé.

Knowledge and perception about tuberculosis among children attending primary school in Ntcheu District, Malawi
Chirwa, Tobias; Umanah, Teye; Singini, Isaac; Ngwira, Bagrey; Banda, Hastings T; Sikwese, Simon; Chimbali, Henry; Banda, Rhoda P; Munthali, Alister; Kambale, Susan; Nyasulu, Peter ( 2016-03-24 )

Knowledge and perceptions about tuberculosis (TB) can influence care-seeking behavior and adherence to treatment. Previous studies in Malawi were conducted to assess knowledge and attitudes regarding TB in adults, with limited data on knowledge in children.This study assessed knowledge and perceptions about TB in children aged 10-14 years attending primary school in Ntcheu District, Malawi.A cross-sectional study was conducted in four primary schools in Ntcheu District. Data on knowledge and perception of TB were collected using a structured questionnaire. Pearson chi-square test was used to determine the association between socioeconomic factors and TB knowledge and perception. A P<0.05 was considered significant.The study found that the learners had high knowledge regarding the cause, spread, and TB preventive measures. Almost 90% of learners knew that TB is caused by a germ, however, a lower proportion knew about TB symptoms ie, night sweats (49%) and enlarged cervical lymph nodes (40%). We found that 68% of learners did not know the duration of anti-TB treatment. No association was found between age, learners' grade, and knowledge (P>0.05).Lack of knowledge regarding TB and gaps identified, may be due to a deficiency in the content of the school curriculum or the availability of information, education, and communication materials. This is the first study to report on knowledge and perceptions of TB among primary school learners in Malawi. These results will inform the development of relevant information, education, and communication materials to enhance awareness about TB among school going children.

Knowledge and perceptions about AIDS among married women in Bangkok / I. Shah ... [et al.]
Shah, Iqbal H; Thongthai, V; Leoprapai, B; Mundigo, Axel I; Prasartkul, P; Chamratrithirong, Aphichat ( 1991 )
Knowledge and perceptions of prescribers regarding adherence to standard treatment guidelines for malaria: a comparative cross-sectional study from Pakistan
Malik, M.; Hassali, M.A.A.; Shafie, A.A.; Hussain, A. ( 2014 )

Despite the availability of standard treatment guidelines for malaria in Pakistan adherence to protocols by prescribers is poor.This descriptive, cross-sectional study aimed to explore the perceptions and knowledge of prescribers in Islamabad and Rawalpindi cities towards adherence to standard treatment guidelines for malaria.A questionnaire was distributed to a random sample of 360 prescribers; 64.7% were satisfied with the available antimalarial drugs and 41.3% agreed that antimalarial drugs should only be prescribed after diagnostic testing.Only half the prescribers had the guidelines available in their health facility.Almost all the prescribers [97.7%]agreed that there was a need for more educational programmes about the guidelines.Most prescribers were unaware of the correct standard treatment regimen for Plasmodium falciparum and P.vivax malaria.There were no differences in knowledge between males and females, but prescribers having more experience, practising as general practitioners and working in private health-care facilities possessed significantly better knowledge than their counterparts

على الرغم من توافر الدلائل الإرشادية العلاجية المعيارية للملاريا في باكستان فإن التزام محرري الوصفات بها سيء. وتستهدف هذه الدراسة الوصفية المستعرضة استقصاء مدركات ومعارف محرري الوصفات الطبية في مدينتي إسلام آباد وراولبندي حول الالتزام بالدلائل العلاجية المعيارية للملاريا. وقد وزع الباحثون استبيانا على عينة عشوائية تضم 360 من محرري الوصفات الطبية، واتضح أن 64.7 % منهم كانوا راضين بالأدوية المتوافرة المضادة للملاريا، وأن 41.3 % موافقون على أن الأدوية المضادة للملاريا ينبغي أن لا توصف إلا بعد إجراء اختبار تشخيصي. ولم تكن الدلائل الإرشادية متوافرة إلا عند نصف المرافق الصحية التي يعمل بها محررو الوصفات الطبية. وكان جميع محرري الوصفات الطبية تقريبا [97.7 %]موافقين على الحاجة لمزيد من البرامج التعليمية حول الدلائل الإرشادية، وكان معظم محرري الوصفات الطبية غير مطلعين على النظام العلاجي المعياري الصحيح للمتصورة المنجلية والمتصورة النشيطة. ولم يكن هناك اختلاف في المعارف بين الذكور والإناث، إلا أن محرري الوصفات ذوي الخبرة الأكثر، والذين يمارسون باعتبارهم أطباء عامين ويعملون في مرافق الرعاية الصحية الخاصة يمتلكون معارف أفضل من غيرهم من الزملاء

Malgré la disponibilité de guides thérapeutiques normalisés pour le paludisme au Pakistan, le respect des protocoles de soins par les prescripteurs est médiocre.La présente étude descriptive et transversale visait à explorer les connaissances des prescripteurs dans les villes d'Islamabad et de Rawalpindi concernant les guides thérapeutiques normalisés pour le paludisme et leurs perceptions du respect de ces guides.Un questionnaire a été distribué à un échantillon aléatoire de 360 prescripteurs; 64, 7 % étaient satisfaits des médicaments antipaludiques disponibles et 41, 3 % convenaient que les antipaludéens devaient être prescrits uniquement après un test diagnostique.Seule la moitié des prescripteurs possédaient les guides thérapeutiques sur leur lieu de travail.Presque tous les prescripteurs [97, 7 %]convenaient que davantage de programmes d'éducation sur ces guides étaient nécessaires.La plupart des prescripteurs ignoraient les bons schémas thérapeutiques types pour le paludisme à Plasmodium falciparum et P.vivax.Aucune différence n'a été observée entre les connaissances des hommes et des femmes.Toutefois, les prescripteurs chevronnés, ceux exerçant comme médecins généralistes et travaillant dans des établissements de soins de santé privés avaient de bien meilleures connaissances que leurs confrères

[Knowledge and practice of doctors and midwives working in primary health care regarding screening for cervical and breast cancers]
Hsairi, M.; Fakhfakh, R.; Bellaaj, R.; Achour, N. ( 2003 )

We assessed the knowledge and practices of breast and cervical cancer of 286 physicians and 126 midwives working in primary health care in Tunis who responded to an anonymous questionnaire. Questions were related to knowledge of the epidemiology and survival rates in the early stages of breast and cervical cancers, to training in this domain and to the degree of involvement in this screening. The knowledge of the two cancers was relatively modest among both physicians and midwives. The systematic practice of Pap smear was significantly more frequent among midwives than physicians.The same result was observed for systematic clinical breast examination. Lack of training about carrying out Pap smears and the large number of consultations were the main factors negatively associated with systematic Pap smear and clinical breast examination practice

Knowledge and practice of university students in Lebanon regarding contraception
Barbour, B.; Salameh, P. ( 2009 )

We evaluated knowledge and practice of Lebanese university students regarding contraception in a cross-sectional, comparative study on students in public and private universities using an Arabic language self-administered questionnaire. We found low levels of knowledge of contraception. The majority of males [73.3%] and a few females [21.8%] declared previous sexual relations: the majority of males had used a condom [86.1%], but females had generally not used contraceptives [75.6%]

Knowledge and practices of health care workers and medical students towards universal precautions in hospitals in Mazandaran Province
Motamed, N.; Baba Mahmoodi, F.; Khalilian, A.; Peykanheirati, M.; Nozari, M. ( 2006 )

This study investigated knowledge of and practices towards universal precautions among 540 health care workers and medical students in 2 university hospitals in Mazandaran Province, Islamic Republic of Iran. Only 65.8% and 90.0% staff in the 2 hospitals and 53.5% of medical students had heard about universal precautions. Overall, there was a low understanding of precautions, except concerning disposal of sharps, contact with vaginal fluid, use of mask and gown or cleaning spilled blood. Health workers had difficulty distinguishing between deep body fluids and body secretions that are not considered infectious. Good practices were reported regarding hand- washing, disposal of needles, and glove, mask and gown usage

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