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Accidental exposure to smallpox vaccine : Russian Federation
( 2000 )
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Air quality and health in eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia : report on the WHO workshop, St Petersburg, Russian Federation, 13-14 October 2003
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2004 )
Abstract

A recent assessment by WHO confirmed that urban air pollution is still having a major negative impact on human health in Europe, including the Eastern parts of the WHO European Region. An effective policy to reduce the risk from exposure to outdoor air pollution is therefore urgently required. However, in some EECCA (Eastern European, Caucasian and Central Asian) countries the system of air quality monitoring, control and management is weak. An upgrade of legal, organizational and technical frameworks is needed. To tackle this, the 5th Ministerial Conference on "Environment for Europe" adopted in May 2003 an environmental strategy which includes the optimization of air quality standards as one of its key actions and requested WHO Regional Office for Europe to facilitate its implementation. As a first step, this workshop was convened. The workshop reviewed the current approaches to air quality policies in EECCA countries and compared these approaches with those in European Community (EC) Member States and EC accession countries. Some problems common to EECCA countries were identified, including the fact that a) the monitoring and assessment strategies were generally developed some decades ago and are in line with those developed and established in the former Soviet times, b) funding for monitoring and assessing air pollution is often limited and c) the compliance regime (i.e., the enforcement of measures to attain air quality objectives such as Maximum Permissible Concentrations) is in general very soft. The meeting recommended launching work to harmonize national hygienic air quality regulations with WHO guidelines as soon as possible. This work should be complemented by the development of a comprehensive air quality assessment and management strategy. Such a strategy should include the following elements: a few priority pollutants would be selected on the basis of their expected impact on health on a population basis (including PM10/PM2.5); objective criteria would be developed to select realistic objectives such as limit values for air quality assessment and management, including time frames to attain these objectives; coherent quality monitoring and assessment systems would be promoted, including effective compliance control, taking into account international experience; a clear definition of the role of main stakeholders would be defined (within administrations, but also of economic interest groups, NGOs and the public), including a more precise definition and increase of the responsibility of authorities. WHO Regional Office for Europe is committed to assist in this process

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Alcohol consumption and increased mortality in Russian men and women : a cohort study based on the mortality of relatives / Amanda Nicholson ... [et al.]
Nicholson, Amanda; Bobak, Martin; Murphy, Michael; Rose, Richard; Marmot, Michael ( 2005 )
Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviour : a cross-cultural study in eight countries
World Health Organization. Mental Health: Evidence and Research Team ( 2005 )
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Analysis of how the health systems context shapes responses to the control of human immunodeficiency virus : case-studies from the Russian Federation / Rifat A. Atun ... [et al.]
Atun, Rifat; McKee, Martin; Drobniewski, Francis; Coker, Richard ( 2005 )
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Annual report of the activities of the WHO Collaborating Centre for the Classification of Diseases, Moscow
WHO Collaborating Centre for the Classification of Diseases, Moscow; World Health Organization. Division of Health Situation and Trend Assessment; WHO Collaborating Centre for the Classification of Diseases (Moscow, Russia); Meeting of Heads of WHO Collaborating Centres for the Classification of Diseases (1997 : Copenhagen, Denmark) ( 1997 )
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Attitudes towards war, killing, and punishment of children among young people in Estonia, Finland, Romania, Russian Federation, and the USA / Alfred McAlister ... [et al.]
McAlister, Alfred L; Sandström, Patrick; Puska, Pekka; Veijo, Anitta; Chereches, Razvan; Heidmets, Lenne-Triin ( 2001 )
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Barents breastfeeding promotion project : progress report January-December 1997
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1998 )
Abstract

The Barents Breastfeeding Promotion Project is part of the Barents Euro-Arctic Region Initiative, by which it is funded. It comprises a series of activities designed to promote breastfeeding and encourage the spread of the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative in the Barents Region of the Russian Federation and in Karelia. This report describes the activities carried out by WHO in 1996-1997 under the project, and outlines plans for the future

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Barents Breastfeeding Promotion Project in the north-west area of the Russian Federation : progress report 1994-1996
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1996 )
Abstract

The Barents Breastfeeding Promotion Project is part of the Barents Euro-Arctic Region Initiative, by whom it is funded. It comprises a series of activities designed to promote breastfeeding and introduce the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative in the Barents Region of the Russian Federation. This report describes the activities carried out by WHO to date under the project, and outlines plans for the future

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Barriers to sustainable tuberculosis control in the Russian Federation health system / R. A. Atun .... [et al.]
Atun, R. A; Samyshkin, Y. A; Drobniewski, F; Skuratova, N. M; Gusarova, G; Kuznetsov, S. I; Fedorin, I. M; Coker, R. J ( 2005 )
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Breaking the cycle : public health perspectives on interpersonal violence in the Russian Federation : policy briefing
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2007 )
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Breastfeeding and healthy eating in pregnancy and lactation : report on a WHO workshop, Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation 5-8 October 1998
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1998 )
Abstract

Poor maternal diet, especially during pregnancy and lactation, poses a potential threat to maternal and child health. The woman's nutritional status during these periods has important implications for both her own health and her ability to give birth and breastfeed a healthy infant. Yet even in the 1990s, babies in many countries are still at risk of undernutrition before birth. The Workshop was designed for primary health care workers interested in how food intake and nutritional status affect the health of women and infants. It was attended by paediatricians, gynaecologists/obstetricians and hygienists working in the Russian state system of sanitary6epidemic control. A two-day course for primary health care providers on "breastfeeding management" was followed by pilot testing of the revised WHO/UNICEF training module on "healthy eating in pregnancy and lactation". The participants gained knowledge of international nutrient recommendations and dietary guidelines, of evaluating the nutritional quality of the diet, and of providing advice to women during pregnancy, birth and the postpartum period with a view to promoting WHO guidelines on healthy eating. They also learned about principles of breastfeeding management, which are a priority of the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative. The Workshop stimulated the development of a plan of action for the Arkhangelsk region to implement dietary guidelines for women and their families

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Cancer mortality in the exposed population of the Techa River area / Mira M. Kossenko
Kossenko, Mira M ( 1996 )
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Capacity-building in secondary prevention of sexually transmitted diseases in countries of eastern Europe and central Asia : report on a WHO meeting, Copenhagen, Denmark 30 June-1 July 1997
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1997 )
Abstract

Recognizing the urgent need for a response by the international community to the alarming rise in sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in the countries of eastern Europe and central Asia, the Regional Office and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) organized a meeting of representatives of international and bilateral organizations. The aim of the meeting was to develop and strengthen concerted international efforts in supporting capacity-building in the secondary prevention of STD in the affected countries, which would complement efforts made in the primary prevention of STD and HIV infection. The participants exchanged information on the current STD situation and on the activities of the organizations represented, identified current needs and gaps in international assistance, and developed a joint strategic approach. They agreed to prepare for the establishment of a task force for urgent response to the STD epidemics in eastern Europe, and designated the WHO Regional Office for Europe as focal point for the task force

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The Chernobyl accident and radiation risks : dynamics of epidemiological rates (morbidity, disability and death rates) according to the data in the national registry / V. K. Ivanov & A. F. Tsyb
Ivanov, V. K; Tsyb, A. F ( 1996 )
Cholera
( 1998 )
Choléra
( 1998 )
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Clinical and epidemiological evaluation of a live, cold-adapted influenza vaccine for 3-14-year-olds / L. G. Rudenko ... [et al.]
Rudenko, L. G; Lonskaya, N. I; Klimov, A. I; Vasilieva, R. I; Ramirez, A ( 1996 )
Consecuencias sanitarias del accidente de Chernobyl : resultados de los proyectos experimentales PIEACS y de los programas nacionales conexos : informe recapitulativo
International Programme on the Health Effects of the Chernobyl Accident; World Health Organization ( 1997 )
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Les conséquences sanitaires de l' accident de Tchernobyl : résultats des projets pilotes du Programme international sur les effets sanitaires de l' accident de Tchernobyl et des programmes nationaux connexes, rapport résumé
International Programme on the Health Effects of the Chernobyl Accident; World Health Organization ( 1996 )
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