Browsing by Subject Health economics

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El ajuste macroeconómico y sus repercusiones en el sector de la salud de Bolivia / por Juan Antonio Morales
Morales, Juan Antonio; World Health Organization. Office of International Cooperation ( 1994 )
Appropriateness in health care services : report on a WHO workshop, Koblenz, Germany 23-25 March 2000
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2000 )

The Workshop, held with the support of the German Ministry of Health, reviewed evidence of appropriate and inappropriate services, and exchanged information on the meaning of appropriateness, methods of identifying appropriate and inappropriate services, and strategies for increasing the proportion of services that are appropriate. Appropriateness is a complex, fuzzy issue that defines care that is effective (based on valid evidence), efficient (cost-effective), and consistent with the ethical principles and preferences of relevant individuals, communities or society. Progress will require a greater alignment of the expectations of patients, professionals, provider organizations, purchasers, politicians and the public at large. Governments, and other organizations responsible for the provision of quality health care, will need to invest in participatory research on effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, support the dissemination of research results, encourage public debate on the ethical principles of prioritization and promote consensus on the principles on which to base the goals of a health care service

Better health through better use of resources
( 1997 )
Changing public/private mix in health care (Romania) / by Christian Havriliuc
Havriliuc, Christian; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1995 )
Comment les systèmes de santé européens peuvent-ils soutenir l' investissement dans des stratégies de santé de la population et mettre en oeuvre ces stratégies? / David McDaid, Michael Drummond et Marc Suhrcke
McDaid, David; Drummond, Michael; Suhrcke, Marc; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies; Health Evidence Network (HEN) ( 2008 )
Commercialisation d' électricité solaire pour contribuer au frais de fonctionnement du Programme élargi de vaccination : étude de faisabilité, première phase octobre 1989
WHO Expanded Programme on Immunization; Zaire. Département de la santé publique ( 1990 )
A community health insurance scheme in the Philippines : extension of a community based integrated project / by Aviva Ron and Avi Kupferman
Ron, Aviva; Kupferman, Avi; World Health Organization. Division of Intensified Cooperation with Countries ( 1996 )
Comprendre le secteur informel de la santé (SIS) : concepts, technique de collecte des données et structure pour l'analyse / par Nsarhaza B. Kizito
Kizito, Nsarhaza B; World Health Organization. Division of Intensified Cooperation with Countries in Greatest Need ( 1998 )
Coût minimum estimatif d' une seconde session demandée par le Comité pour novembre 1947, comparaison entre le coût à Genève et à Washington
WHO Expert Committee on Malaria; World Health Organization. Interim Commission ( 1947 )
Crisis y salud : retos para la década de los 90 / Patricio V. M'arquez y Tom'as Engler
M'arquez, Patricio V; Engler, Tom'as ( 1990 )
Debt for health swaps : a source of additional finance for the health system?, technical paper / by Hans Genberg
Genberg, Hans; World Health Organization. Office of International Cooperation ( 1992 )
Desarrollo sanitario en Djibouti / Mohamed Mahyoub Hatem
Hatem, Mohamed Mahyoub ( 1996 )
Design, content and financing of an essential national package of health services / J. L. Bobadilla ... [et al.]
Bobadilla, José Luis; Cowley, P; Musgrove, Philip; Saxenian, H ( 1994 )
Development of health economics learning material : report on a WHO meeting, Lund, Sweden 30 September-2 October 1998
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1999 )

Health economics and health policy experts met to review nine previously commissioned modules, to determine the need for further modules, and to discuss suitable learning modes. The objective is to generate a set of modular learning materials, through which the basics of the health economics approach can be disseminated to a broad audience in the context of the health for all policy. All the current modules were retained, with some modification of content and style. Eleven additional modules, following the standard format, were identified and authorship proposed. Learning modes and techniques were discussed, and it was noted that different approaches would be needed for different target groups. The modules will be subject to peer review, and feedback will be encouraged from both tutors and target groups. It was agreed that revisions to the current modules would be finalized within a few months, and that the new modules would be prepared before mid-1999. All modules will be reviewed at a progress meeting

Development of WHO guidelines on generalised cost-effectiveness analysis / Christopher J. L. Murray ... [et al.]
Murray, Christopher J. L; World Health Organization. Global Programme on Evidence for Health Policy ( 1999 )
Le développement sanitaire à Djibouti / Mohamed Mahyoub Hatem
Hatem, Mohamed Mahyoub ( 1996 )
Economic aspects of health / S. P. Ermakov & A. A. Kiselev
Ermakov, S. P; Kiselev, A. A ( 1992 )
Economic assessment of transport infrastructure and policies : methodological guidance on the economic appraisal of health effects related to walking and cycling / by Nick Cavill ... [et al.]
Cavill, Nick; Kahlmeier, Sonja; Rutter, Harry; Racioppi, Francesca; Oja, Pekka; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2007 )
Economic evaluation of tuberculosis control in Armenia : a cost-effectiveness analysis of the WHO strategy / prepared by W.J. Meerding
Meerding, W.J; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1998 )

An economic evaluation was made of the WHO tuberculosis control strategy in Armenia. The evaluation concentrated on newly detected smear-positive patients. This strategy, characterized by rapid case detection, mandatory hospitalization during the intensive phase of treatment and shortened treatment duration, was compared with the strategy formerly employed, characterized by extensive hospitalization and lengthy treatment. Data on diagnostic and treatment procedures regarding TB patients, as well as costs of diagnostic procedures, drug regimens, hospital days and outpatient visits, were gathered and compared with official guidelines for TB treatment. The strategy implemented according to WHO guidelines (referred to hereafter as 'the WHO strategy') turned out to be more cost-effective than the strategy formerly employed for TB control in Armenia (referred to hereafter as 'the old strategy'), with medical costs amounting to $176 and $280 respectively per cured patient. This is mainly due to the shortened treatment period and shorter length of hospitalization, although hospitalization rates are much higher in the WHO strategy, combined with higher cure rates (72% on average compared with 65% in the old strategy). Even when relatively favourable figures were assumed for the old strategy, the WHO strategy was slightly more cost-effective. The use of diagnostic procedures and related costs in patient follow-up were difficult to measure empirically in both strategies. Data from several TB dispensaries and the main TB hospital indicate a decreasing use of smears and X-rays per patient since the introduction of the WHO strategy. A more efficient use of diagnostic procedures in the WHO strategy is likely, but could not be proven by empirical data. The main outcome of the evaluation, therefore, might be conservative rather than progressive

Economic valuation of transport-related health effects : review of methods and development of practical approaches, with a special focus on children / byHans-Jakob Boesch ... [et al.]
Boesch, Hans-Jakob.; Kahlmeier, Sonja; Sommer, Heini; Kempen, Elise van; Staatsen, Brigit; Racciopi, Francesca; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2008 )
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