Now showing items 445-464 of 1141

    • Parental smoking and risk of childhood cancer: hospital-based case-control study in Shiraz 

      Edraki, M.; Rambod, M. (‎2011)‎
      This case-control study in Shiraz aimed to determine the relationship betwterl parental smoking and childhood cancer. A questionnaire was completed by the mothers of 98 children newly diagnosed with cancer before the age of 14 years and 100 age- and sex-matched controls. Maternal smoking [‎prior to and during pregnancy and after the birth]‎, and the numbers of maternal cigarettes smoked were not associated with an increased risk of childhood cancer. However, maternal exposure to passive smoke during pregnancy increased the risk of cancer childhood ...
    • Pattern and prevalence of smoking among students at King Faisal University, Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia 

      Al Mohamed, H.I.; Amin, T.T. (‎2010)‎
      The study describes the prevalence of different forms of smoking, and the correlates of current smoking, by male students of King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia. A random sample of 1382 students at 9 colleges answered a self-administered questionnaire based on the Global Youth Tobacco Survey plus the modified Fagerstr”m Test for Nicotine Dependence. The prevalence of current smoking was 28.1% [‎21.6% for cigarettes, 14.6% for waterpipe]‎. Of current smokers, 41.4% were living in homes where others smoke and 17.0% initiated smoking below age 12 ...
    • Pattern of cigarette and waterpipe smoking in the adult population of Jordan 

      Jaghbir, M.; Shreif, S.; Ahram, M. (‎2014-09-01)‎
      An increasing prevalence of smoking in Jordan has been noted and this necessitates understanding the social behaviours that have lead to this habit. This cross-sectional, descriptive study determined the prevalence of smoking among Jordanians in relation to demographics with a focus on 4 types of tobacco products-cigarettes, waterpipes, cigars and pipes. A population sample of 3196 adults aged 18+ years answered an interview questionnaire about their smoking habit and types and amounts of tobacco consumed. Overall 32.3% of the respondents reported ...
    • Perceived effectiveness of counselling patients about smoking among medical students in Amman, Jordan 

      Merrill, R.M.; Madanat, H.N.; Cox, E.; Merrill, J.M. (‎2009)‎
      We identified the prevalence of smoking and perceived effectiveness of physicians counselling patients about smoking among 340 1st and 4th year medical students in Amman, Jordan. Smoking prevalence was 26% for males and 7% for females, similar to that of their peers in the general population. Smokers and male students were less likely to believe it is wrong for physicians to smoke in front of patients or that smoking policy or physician interaction with patients can influence smoking practices. Students believed that physicians can more effectively ...
    • Pesticide exposure as a risk factor for lymphoproliferative disorders in adults 

      Salem, E. A.; Hegazy, M. M.; El Khouley, E. A. (‎2014)‎
      في ضوء الاستعمال الواسع النطاق لمبيدات الهوام في مصر، ومع ازدياد معدلات ابيضاض الدم واللمفوما، استهدف الباحثون تقييم التعرض لمبيدات الهوام مع متغرات متنوعة باعتبارها عوامل اختطار منتقاة لاضطرابات التكاثر اللمفاوي [‎الابيضاض واللمفوما اللاهودجكينية]‎، وأجرى الباحثون دراسة استعادية ترتكز على المستشفى للحالات والشواهد في عامي 2011 - 2012، شملت 130 حالة من البالغين المصابين باضطرابات التكاثر اللمفاوي ممن يراجعون العيادات الخارجية في المنوفية، مصر، مع 130 من الشواهد من المرضى الآخرين الذين يماثلون الحالات من حيث الجنس والعمر. واتضح للباحثين أن كلا من ...
    • Pharmacists against smoking : research report 2001 / by Eeva Teraesalmi ... [‎et al.]‎ 

      Teraesalmi, Eeva; Gustafsen, Ida; Juncher, Visti; Djerf, Kari; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (‎EUR/01/5025372, 2001)‎
    • Pharmacists and action on tobacco 

      World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; European Forum of Pharmaceutical Associations and the World HealthOrganization Annual Meeting (‎EUR/ICP/LVNG 02 07 12, 1998)‎
      This document is produced by the EuroPharm Forum Smoking Cessation Task Force and the Tobacco or Health Programme of WHO. It is mainly addressed to national pharmaceutical associations to be used as a guide when organizing pharmacy-based work for tobacco control. It can also be used by individual pharmacists who want to help their clients quit smoking. The text consists of the following parts: Background information and WHO policies concerning smoking; involvement and motivation of pharmacists; practical guide on how to organize smoking cessation ...
    • Pharmacists helping smokers to quit : evaluation report 

      World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (‎EUR/ICP/LVNG 03 03 04, 1997)‎
      In the spring of 1992, smoking cessation courses were conducted at 20 pharmacies distributed geographically throughout Denmark. This was a cooperation between the Danish Pharmaceutical Association and the WHO Tobacco or Health unit. The overall purpose of the project was to train pharmacists to help smokers quit. The goal of the project was to study the outcomes of smoking cessation support groups at pharmacies. The project was carried out at community pharmacies using a combination of nicotine substitution (‎nicotine replacement chewing gum or ...
    • Policies for tobacco-free regions : a report from the Regions for Health Network 

      World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; Regions for Health Network (‎EUR/ICP/POLC 05 05 01, 1997)‎
      Tobacco control requires multisectoral approaches at different levels. The second Action Plan for a Tobacco-free Europe outlines the policies to be implemented and the many opportunities for practical action in six areas: building alliances for a tobacco-free Europe; multisectoral tobacco policies; promoting smoke-free environments; promoting non-smoking generations; helping smokers to quit and sharpening leadership and implementation capacity at all levels. Regions are acquiring an increasingly important role in Europe. The regional level, where ...
    • Policies to reduce exposure to environmental tobacco smoke : report on a WHO working group meeting, Lisbon, Portugal 29-30 May 2000 

      World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (‎EUR/00/5020495, 2000)‎
      Environmental tobacco smoke (‎ETS)‎ poses a significant risk to health. It is carcinogenic to humans and is a risk factor for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Exposure to ETS is widespread, affecting people in houses, workplaces and public buildings. ETS is also a part of a broader problem of tobacco use. The Working Group was convened to discuss approaches to reducing the risks to health created by ETS and to support Member States in defining their policies on ETS. The Group concluded that public health policy and actions should aim at ...
    • Policy recommendations for smoking cessation and treatment of tobacco dependence : tools for public health 

      World Health Organization; WHO Tobacco Free Initiative (‎2003)‎
    • Pour un sport sans tabac 

      WHO Tobacco Free Initiative (‎2002)‎
    • Predictors of transition in smoking stages in Iranian adolescents: latent transition analysis 

      Mohammadpoorasl, A.; Nedjat, S.; Fakhari, A.; Yazdani, K.; Fotouhi, A. (‎2014)‎
      يحدد الباحثون في هذه الدراسة معدل انتشار مراحل التدخين لدى المراهقين، واحتال التحول من مرحلة إلى أخرى، والعوامل الشخصية والبيئية المنبئة بالتحول. وقد أجرى الباحثون دراسة في المدارس في عامي 2010 - 2011 واستخدموا عينة تتألف من 5197 تلميذا [‎العمر الوسطي 15.7 عاما]‎في مدينة تبريز. وقيم الباحثون التلاميذ مرتين يفصل بينها 12 شهرا. وقد أظهر نموذج تحليل التحول الخافي تسع حالات يمكن تفسرها لقياس مراحل التدخين. كما أوضحت بيانات معدلات الانتشار أن نسبة الطلاب الذين كانوا في مرحلة الملتزمين بلغت في التقييم الأول 75.1 % وفي التقييم الثاني 66.8 %، وأن نسبة ...