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Facial cleft and associated anomalies: incidence among infants at a Jordanian medical centre
Aqrabawi, H.E. ( 2008 )

To estimate incidence of cleft lip and cleft palate among Jordanian infants and to identify associated anomalies, we carried out a prospective, hospital-based study over a 5-year period, January 2000-January 2005. The total number of liveborn infants was 25 440, 60 of whom [2.4/1000] had facial clefts: 20 [33%] with cleft lip, 15 [25%] with cleft palate and 25 [42%] with both. Congenital heart disease was the commonest associated anomaly [47%] identified, followed by skeletal abnormalities [13%]. Renal anomalies were found in 10% of cases. The high prevalence of congenital heart disease may justify routine echocardiography screening. The high consanguineous marriage rate may be a contributing factor to the high incidence of cleft anomalies

New method for the fixation of the endotracheal tube in patients with facial hair
Kamalipour, H.; Kardan, K. ( 2003 )

A problem faced by anaesthetists in Islamic countries is the unwillingness of patients to shave their facial hair. Adhesive tapes may not adequately secure an endotracheal tube in these patients, and a cotton b and around the neck may cause obstruction of the venous return. A new device, a synthetic leather mask, was compared with the two other methods in a r and omized trial on 900 patients undergoing general anaesthesia. No displacement of the endotracheal tube, pressure on the neck veins, or skin reaction were observed in the mask group compared with the adhesive tape and the cotton b and groups. The mask can be reused, autoclaved and made in several sizes, prevents allergies to adhesive tape and is suitable for laryngoscopy, suctioning and inserting the oral airway

Noma : a neglected scourge of children in sub-Saharan Africa / C. O. Enwonwu
Enwonwu, Cyril O ( 1995 )
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