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5th International Workshop on Total Diet Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 13-14 May 2015 : meeting report
World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific ( 2015 )
A chacun sa part / Adolfo Chavez
Chavez, Adolfo ( 1991 )
L' alimentation dans les villes / Dinesh P. Sinha
Sinha, Dinesh P ( 1991 )
Association between body mass index, diet and dental caries in Grade 6 boys in Medina, Saudi Arabia
Bhayat, A.; Ahmad, M.S.; Fadel, H.T. ( 2016-09 )

The prevalence of obesity is increasing in Saudi Arabia and although caries is associated with obesity, this association has not been investigated in Medina. This study aimed to determine the association between dental caries, body mass index [BMI] and dietary habits of 12-year-old boys from four geographically distinct schools in Medina. Mean BMI was 22.17 kg/m[2] [ +/- 5.15]; 41% had normal BMI, 25% were overweight and 30% were obese. The mean Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth [DMFT] score was 1.46 [ +/- 2.04]. Those in the normal BMI range had a significantly higher prevalence of caries [57%] and DMFT score [1.92] compared with the overweight and obese groups [P < 0.05]. These differences remained significant after controlling for possible confounders via linear regression. Mean BMI was significantly lower in boys with severe compared with mild or no caries. Normal and underweight participants had an almost 2 times greater risk of developing caries compared with their overweight and obese counterparts. The children had poor dietary habits and there were no significant associations between dietary variables and caries

La prévalence de l'obésité augmente en Arabie saoudite et malgré le lien qui existe entre la carie et l'obésité, cette association n'a pas été étudiée à Médine. La présente étude avait pour objectif de déterminer l'association entre les caries dentaires, l'indice de masse corporelle [IMC] et les habitudes alimentaires de garçons âgés de 12 ans venant de quatre écoles géographiquement distinctes à Médine. L'IMC moyen était de 22,17 kg/m[2] [+/- 5,15]; 41% avaient un IMC normal, 25% étaient en surcharge pondérale et 30% étaient obèses. Le score moyen de l'indice CAO [dent cariée, absente ou obturée] s'élevait à 1,46 [+/- 2,04]. Les garçons dont l'IMC se situait dans les valeurs normales avaient un prévalence de la carie [57%] et un indice CAO supérieurs [1,92] à ceux du groupe des enfants en surcharge pondérale et souffrant d'obésité [p < 0,05]. Ces différences demeuraient significatives après avoir contrôlé d'autres facteurs de confusion potentiels grâce à la régression linéaire. L'IMC moyen était considérablement plus faible chez les garçons ayant des caries sévères par rapport à ceux qui avaient des caries bénignes ou qui n'en avaient pas. Les participants de poids normal ou présentant une insuffisance pondérale avaient un risque deux fois plus important de développer des caries que ceux qui étaient en surcharge pondérale ou obèses. Les enfants avaient de mauvaises habitudes alimentaires et il n'y avait aucune association entre les variables alimentaires et les caries

CINDI dietary guide
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2000 )

The WHO Regional Office for Europe is committed to promoting an integrated approach to health promotion and disease prevention. These dietary guidelines provide information that health professionals can relay to their clients to help them prevent disease and promote health. This guide demonstrates that a healthy diet is based mainly on foods of plant origin, rather than animal origin. It also focuses on the need to provide information on the link between health and diet for the most vulnerable groups in society, notable people with low incomes. Just as the quality of air and water is vital, the quantity and quality of food eaten are crucial for human health. A healthy variety of safe food, produced in a sustainable way, is one of the best ways to support a healthy society. Within this context, this document prevents twelve steps to healthy eating
Coeliac disease : a potentially treatable health problem of Saharawi refugee children / Ilse-Maria Rätsch and Carlo Catassi
Rätsch, Ilse-Maria; Catassi, Carlo ( 2001 )
Confronting the health hazards of industrialization in Malaysia / M. Kandiah & R. Ramlee
Kandiah, M; Ramlee, R ( 1995 )
Consultations and workshops : dietary exposure assessment of chemicals in food : report of a joint FAO/WHO consultation, Annapolis, Maryland, USA, 2-6 May 2005
World Health Organization; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations ( 2008 )
De la difficulté de modifier les habitudes alimentaires [lettre] / Alexander R. P. Walker & Betty F. Walker
Walker, Alexander R. P; Walker, Betty F ( 1997 )
Deuxième rapport de la Commission A : (Projet)
Assemblée mondiale de la Santé, 53 ( 2000 )
Development of food-based dietary guidelines for the Western Pacific region : the shift from nutrients and food groups to food availability, traditional cuisine and modern foods in relation to emerging chronic noncommunicable diseases
World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific ( 1999 )
Diet in the cities / by Dinesh P. Sinha
Sinha, Dinesh P ( 1991 )
Diet, food supply and obesity in the Pacific
World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific ( 2003 )
Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases : executive summary
World Health Organization. Cancer and Palliative Care Unit; World Health Organization. Cardiovascular Diseases Unit; World Health Organization. Nutrition Unit; WHO Study Group on Diet, Nutrition and Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases ( 1991 )
Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases : report of a joint WHO/FAO expert consultation, Geneva, 28 January - 1 February 2002
Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation on Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases (2002 : Geneva, Switzerland); World Health Organization. Dept. of Nutrition for Health and Development ( 2003 )
Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases : report of a WHO study group [meeting held in Geneva from 6-13 March 1989]
WHO Study Group on Diet, Nutrition and Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases; World Health Organization ( 1990 )

Records the consensus reached by a group of experts commissioned to examine the strength of evidence linking dietary factors to the development of several chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease, hypertension, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and osteoporosis. The experts were also asked to issue advice on prevention consistent with both the strength of scientific evidence and the magnitude of health problems associated with dietary factors. Although emphasis is placed on diet-related chronic diseases, the persistent problem of nutrient deficiencies is also considered. The opening sections assess epidemiological data linking changing patterns of disease to changes in diet and summarize what is known about the place of specific nutrients and dietary factors in the etiology of chronic diseases. Having confirmed the link between dietary factors and disease and assessed the magnitude of the problem, the report turns to the question of prevention. In one of its key achievements, the report issues a series of population nutrient goals , put forward as a universal guide to the nutrient intakes needed to prevent all diet-related diseases and appropriate for application in all countries throughout the world. Lower and upper intakes are set for each of the main nutrient groups. Expressed as a proportion of total energy, this recommended safe range of intakes specifies the minimum intake of a nutrient needed to prevent deficiency diseases and the maximum intake that should not be exceeded in the interest of preventing chronic diseases. The report is explicit in its insistence on the need for a population-wide, as opposed to individualized, approach to the prevention of diet-related chronic diseases. The remaining sections, devoted to food policies, explain why current policies governing food production and supply are essentially agricultural policies driven by economic and political issues. A review of the evolution of these policies, most of which were formulated in the 1940s, reveals roots in nutritional concepts based on the need to prevent deficiency diseases and thus ill-equipped to protect populations from the many diseases now linked to nutrient excesses. Advice on the adaptation of these policies concludes the report

Diet, nutritional status and school performance t among adolescents in Gaza Strip
Abudayya, A.; Shi, Z.; Abed, Y.; Holmboe Ottesen, G. ( 2011 )

The associations between dietary intake, nutritional status and school performance among 932 adolescents aged 12-15 years were examined in a cross-sectional survey in 2002 in north Gaza Strip. School performance was obtained from school records and height and weight were measured for body mass index [BMI]. Self-administered questionnaires included sociodemographic characteristics and food frequency intakes. Adolescents consuming fruit and vegetables more than 3 times per week were more likely to have good school performance [72.6% versus 59.9%]. When adjusting for sociodemographic variables and BMI, fruit and vegetables intake was positively associated with school performance [OR = 1.61, 95% Cl: 1.11-2.32] and stunting was negatively associated [OR = 0.53, 95% Cl: 0.31-0.90]. The findings support a broader implementation of school nutrition programmes

Dieta, nutrici'on y prevenci'on de enfermedades cr'onicas : informe de un Grupo de Estudio de la OMS [se reuni'o en Ginebra del 6 al 13 de marzo de 1989]
WHO Study Group on Diet Nutrition and Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases; World Health Organization ( 1990 )

Recoge este informe el consenso a que llegó el grupo de expertos encargado de examinar la estrecha vinculación existente entre los factores alimentarios y varias afecciones crónicas, como son la cardiopatía coronaria, la hipertensión, los accidentes cerebrovasculares, el cáncer, la diabetes y la osteoporosis. Se pidió también a los expertos un dictamen sobre prevención que tuviera en cuenta tanto la solidez de las pruebas científicas como la magnitud de los problemas de salud asociados a factores alimentarios. Aunque se hace hincapié en las enfermedades crónicas relacionadas con la dieta, se examina también el problema aún no resuelto de las carencias nutricionales. En las secciones iniciales se evalúan los datos epidemiológicos que vinculan la cambiante morbi-lidad con las modificaciones de la dieta y se resumen los actuales conocimientos sobre la importancia de determinados nutrientes y de los factores dietéticos en la etiología de las enfer-medades crónicas. Tras confirmar la relación existente entre factores dietéticos y enfermedad, y una vez evaluada la magnitud del problema, el informe aborda el tema de la prevención. Un acierto sobresaliente del informe es que ofrece una serie de metas de nutrientes para la pobla-ción, propuestas a modo de orientación general sobre la ingesta de nutrientes necesaria para prevenir cualquier enfermedad asociada con la dieta y aplicables en todos los países. Para cada uno de los principales grupos de nutrientes se establecen las ingestas mínima y máxima. Expresada en proporción de la energía total, esta escala de ingestas recomendada como segura especifica respecto a cada nutriente el aporte mínimo necesario para prevenir las enfermedades carenciales y el aporte máximo que no debe sobrepasarse si se quieren prevenir las enfermedades crónicas. En cuanto a las enfermedades crónicas asociadas con la dieta, el informe insiste expresamente en la necesidad de enfocar su prevención pensando en la población general, más que en los individuos. En las restantes secciones, dedicadas a las políticas alimentarias, se explican por qué las políticas por las que actualmente se rigen la producción y el suministro de alimentos se inspiran esencialmente en criterios de índole económica y política. El examen de la evolución de esas políticas, formuladas en su mayor parte en el decenio de 1940, revela que los conceptos fundamentales sobre nutrición, que se basaban en la necesidad de prevenir las enfermedades carenciales, son insuficientes para proteger a las poblaciones frente a las numerosas enfermedades actualmente asociadas con el exceso de nutrientes. El informe concluye aconsejando una adaptación de estas políticas

Dietary intake of fruit and vegetables and management of body weight [electronic resource] / Beth Carlton Tohill
Tohill, Beth Carlton; Joint FAO/WHO Workshop on Fruit and Vegetables for Health ((2004 : Kobe, Japan) ( 2005 )
Dietary intake of fruit and vegetables and risk of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases [electronic resource] / Lydia A. Bazzano
Bazzano, Lydia A; World Health Organization; Joint FAO/WHO Workshop on Fruit and Vegetables for Health (2004 : Kobe, Japan) ( 2005 )
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