Browsing by Subject Child Abuse

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Adolescent abuse in a community sample in Beni Suef, Egypt: prevalence and risk factors
Afifi, Z.E.M.; El Lawindi, M.I.; Ahmed, S.A.; Basily, W.W. ( 2003 )

Adolescent abuse was studied in 555 school students [mean age 15.6 +/- 1.5 years] selected by multistage random sampling in Beni Suef in 1998. Each student received a general physical examination and a pre-coded questionnaire to identify determinants of abuse. Prevalence of abuse was 36.6%. Emotional, physical, sexual and combined abuse prevalence was 12.3%, 7.6%, 7.0% and 9.7% respectively. Significant predictors of sexual abuse were hyperactive child, disabled child, disinterested mother, low birth order child or wasted child. For physical abuse, significant predictors were maternal disinterest, maternal education and injuries. Significant predictors of emotional abuse were overcrowding, disease and mistreatment by a teacher. Violent behaviour was reported for more than 20% of the emotionally and the sexually abused

Adverse childhood experiences survey among university students in Turkey (Eng).pdf.jpg
Adverse childhood experiences survey among university students in Turkey
Ulukol, Betül; Kahiloğulları, Akfer K.; Sethi, Dinesh ( 2014 )

Today, violence is a social problem affecting all age groups. It is very difficult to estimate the magnitude of violence including maltreatment of children. Official figures are considered to be merely the tip of the iceberg. This study on adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) was conducted in 2 257 university students in order to provide evidence-based data about the magnitude of this problem in Turkey. Another aim of the study was to examine relationship between exposure to ACE and health risk behaviours and selected health consequences. The results show a high prevalence of physical, emotional, and sexual abuse beside emotional and physical neglect. The prevalence of household dysfunction was also assessed. Overall, 49.7% of respondent reported exposure to at least one type of ACE. ACE score was positively associated with health risk behaviours of respondents. The risk of smoking, harmful alcohol using and drug using increases dependently on the ACE score. Some health problems, and in particular emotional problems, were associated with ACE score of the participants. Respondents with a history of ACEs were more likely to have family, school, or financial problems. The results of this study will contribute to identify priority areas in need of interventions in Turkey.

Alcohol and interpersonal violence : policy briefing
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2005 )

The European Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) has the highest per capita levels of alcohol consumption in the world. Drinking patterns and levels of interpersonal violence (such as homicide) vary widely throughout the Region. However, across all of Europe, health and criminal justice studies increasingly highlight the role of alcohol consumption in people becoming victims of violence and perpetrators of violence. This policy brief presents the magnitude of the problem, and outlines a range of factors which can increase individuals' risks of problems related to alcohol and violence. It presents examples of successful intervention which prevent and/or reduce levels of violence associated with alcohol and highlights the key role of health services. By presenting the challenges alcohol and interpersonal violence continue to place on public health, individuals and communities, judicial and other public services the paper makes a strong point for concerted and coordinated action on the reduction of alcohol and interpersonal violence in the European region

Among the street children / Ana Filgueiras
Filgueiras, Ana ( 1992 )
Avec les enfants des rues / Ana Filgueiras
Filgueiras, Ana ( 1992 )
Breaking the cycle : public health perspectives on interpersonal violence in the Russian Federation : policy briefing
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2007 )
Child abuse : measuring a global problem / Mark A. Belsey
Belsey, Mark A ( 1993 )
Child abuse and neglect services in the occupied Palestinian territory
Halileh, S.; Abdullah, A. ( 2009 )

This study in 2005 aimed to investigate the services available for abused and neglected children in the occupied Palestinian territory. Telephone interviews were conducted with 62 institutions from the government, non-profit and private sectors that dealt with child abuse and neglect, of which 58 provided services. Services offered were mainly in psychosocial health. Usually abused children were brought to service providers by family members and teachers. Common types of abuse seen at these institutions were physical, psychological and sexual abuse. Interviewees reported most cases of abuse occurred in the home and at school. Challenges were related mainly to sociocultural issues, training, funding and the military occupation

Child abuse and neglect: its perception by those who work with children
Youssef, R.M.; Atfa, H.Y. ( 1998 )

School physicians, social workers and teachers were evaluated to assess their perceptions of child maltreatment, knowledge of its predictors, ability to identify indicators of abuse and neglect, and their reporting intentions. Of these, school physicians had a significantly higher perception and showed greater capability of identifying indicators of maltreatment and better reporting intentions. However, the knowledge of all professionals regarding predictors of child maltreatment was deficient: only two factors, marital and family problems and parental psychoactive substance abuse, were recognized by more than 80% of them. A training programme for professionals working with children is recommended. Such a programme should also motivate professionals to report cases. Policy-makers should consider legislation mandating the reporting of cases of maltreatment and ensuring sufficient protection to the reporters

Child abuse and neglect: mothers' behaviour and perceptions
Atta, H.Y.; Youssef, R.M. ( 1998 )

Mothers' behaviour relating to child maltreatment, their perceptions of such behaviour and its correlates to parents' characteristics and family background were investigated. Women with at least one child under 18 years were targeted and given an interview questionnaire. A high proportion of mothers reported maltreatment behaviour that constituted emotional [69.0%] and physical [57.1%] abuse as well as neglecting the child's safety [43.8%], education [46.1%] and medical care [53.3%]. Mothers tended to perceive neglectful behaviour rather than abusive behaviour as child maltreatment. Child maltreatment was significantly associated with parents' level of education, father's occupation, mother's working status, financial problems, mother's age at the birth of the first child, number of offspring, crowding index and maternal perceptions of maltreatment

Child maltreatment
World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific ( 2016 )
Childline / by John Madeley
Madeley, John ( 1987 )
Community survey on prevalence of adverse childhood experiences in Albania : Report, December 2012
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2013 )
The cycles of violence : the relationship between childhood maltreatment and the risk of later becoming a victim or perpetrator of violence : key facts
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; The University of Birmingham; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH ( 2007 )
Les enfants des rues / Victoria Rialp
Rialp, Victoria ( 1991 )
Estudio multipaís de la OMS sobre salud de la mujer y la violencia doméstica : primeros resultados sobre prevalencia, eventos relativos a la salud y respuestas de las mujeres a dicha violencia : resumen del informe
World Health Organization. Dept. of Gender and Women's Health; World Health Organization. Dept. of Gender and Women's Health ( 2005 )
Etude multipays de l'OMS sur la santé des femmes et la violence domestique à l'égard des femmes : premiers résultats concernant la prévalence, les effets sur le plan sanitaire et les réactions des femmes : rapport succint
World Health Organization. Dept. of Gender and Women's Health; World Health Organization. Dept. of Gender and Women's Health ( 2005 )
European report on preventing child maltreatment. Summary
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2013 )
First meeting on strategies for child protection : report on a WHO meeting, Padua, Italy 29-31 October 1998
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1999 )

Child abuse in its various forms 6 physical, sexual and emotional abuse and neglect is emerging as a major public health concern in the European Region. However, there is still insufficient awareness of the extent of the problem, especially regarding violence within the family. The Child Health and Development Programme convened this first expert meeting to examine the implications of child abuse and protection needs from the viewpoint of the health sector. The participants represented a wide range of health, social and legal professions from over 30 countries, as well as several international organizations. The following issues were discussed in depth: data collection and monitoring; prevention at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels; and how to elicit an appropriate response from the health sector. There was a clear consensus that health professionals play a crucial role in recognizing, treating and preventing child abuse. It was also recognized, however, that they need to operate in the context of multisectoral teams in order to have maximum impact. A set of general conclusions was drawn up at the meeting, and these form the basis for WHO recommendations to Member States

Guide sur la prévention de la maltraitance des enfants : intervenir et produire des données / Organisation mondiale de la Santé et International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect
Butchart, Alexander; Phinney Harvey, Alison; Mian, Marcellina; Fürniss, Tilman; Kahane, Tony; World Health Organization. Dept. of Injuries and Violence Prevention; International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect ( 2006 )
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