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014-2019年第十二个工作总规划
世界卫生大会 66 ( 2013 )
9241561777_eng_part2.pdf.jpg
1 1992-1993 [Nineteen ninety-two to Nineteen ninety-three] progress report : Global Programme on AIDS
WHO Global Programme on AIDS; World Health Organization ( 1995 )
9241530111.pdf.jpg
1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane
Barker, P; Cary, Richard; Dobson, Stuart; World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 1999 )
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 1992 )
摘要

Evaluates the risks to human health and the environment posed by 1,1,1-trichloroethane, a chlorinated hydrocarbon widely used in the cleaning and degreasing of metal and as a solvent in many industrial and consumer products. The abuse of this solvent has resulted in a large number of fatalities. A review of data on the environmental behaviour of 1,1,1-trichloroethane documents its ubiquitous presence in the atmosphere, its rapid transport to the troposphere, its long residence time, its depletion of ozone, and its contribution to global warming. Leaching into ground water and deep aquifers occurs and persistent contamination has been documented. While contamination of the atmosphere is judged to be the most important route of exposure for the general population, the report notes that indoor air may cause considerably higher exposures due to the use of numerous consumer products containing this solvent. Air is also noted to be the main source of exposure at the workplace. An evaluation of effects on humans draws upon studies of occupationally exposed workers and cases of fatal exposure following accidents and intentional abuse. Both acute and long-term inhalation exposures are noted to affect the central nervous system, with signs ranging from slight behavioural changes to unconsciousness. Exposure may also cause damage to the heart and liver. A review of accidents at the workplace underscores the especially dangerous conditions in poorly ventilated areas and confined spaces, such as tanks and vaults, caused by the compounds greater density than air. The final section evaluates effects on organisms in the field, concluding that environmental conamination is unlikely to pose a significant hazard for environmental organisms. Because of its many other hazards, including its ozone-depleting potential, the report recommends that the release of 1,1,1-trichloroethane be reduced to the greatest extent possible

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1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
Hughes, K; Meek, M. E; World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 1998 )
9241530510.pdf.jpg
1,1-Dichloroethene (vinylidene chloride)
Benson, Bob; World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 2003 )
9241530561.pdf.jpg
1,2,3-Trichloropropane
Kielhorn, Janet; Konnecker, G; Pohlenz-Michel, Charles; Schmidt, S; Mangelsdorf, Inge; World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 2003 )
9241530154.pdf.jpg
1,2-Diaminoethane (Ethylenediamine)
Cary, Richard; Dobson, Stuart; Delic, J; World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 1999 )
1,2-Dibromoethane
Sekizawa, J; World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 1996 )
9241530014.pdf.jpg
1,2-Dichloroethane
Hughes, K; Meek, M. E; World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 1998 )
1,2-Dichloroethane
World Health Organization ( 1995 )
1,2-Dichloroethane : health and safety guide
World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 1991 )
9241530308.pdf.jpg
1,3-Butadiene : human health aspects
Hughes, K; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 2001 )
9241510765_eng.pdf.jpg
1,3-Dichloropropene, 1,2-dichloropropane and mixtures : health and safety guide
World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 1992 )
1-butanol : gu'ia para la salud y la seguridad
Pan American Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 1992 )
1-Butanol : health and safety guide
International Programme on Chemical Safety; World Health Organization ( 1987 )
1-Propanol / published under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Programme, the International Labour Organisation, and the World Health Organization
World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety ( 1990 )
摘要

Evaluates the risks to human health and the environment posed by the production, use and waste disposal of 1-propanol, a colourless, highly flammable liquid used primarily as a multi-purpose solvent in industry and in the home. The compound, which has antiseptic as well as solvent properties, is also used in drugs and cosmetics. Because 1-propanol is primarily used as a volatile solvent, much of the production volume is eventually released into the environment. Sections considering behaviour in the environment and in organisms conclude that 1-propanol rapidly degrades in the environment, has a residence time of less than 3 days, and is rapidly metabolized and eliminated from the bodies of exposed organisms. Available data indicate that 1-propanol, at concentrations normally encountered in the enviornment, is not toxic for aquatic organisms, insects, or plants. In view of several inadequacies in experimental studies of toxicity, the report was unable to determine the human health risks associated with long-term exposure. Other data support the conclusion that 1-propanol is unlikely to pose a serious threat to either the general population or the environment under normal conditions of use

10 (ten) years of onchocerciasis control: review of the work of the Onchocerciasis Control Programme in the Volta River Basin area from 1974 to 1984
World Health Organization. Onchocerciasis Control Programme in the Volta River Basin Area ( 1985 )
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10 [dix] années de lutte contre l' onchocercose en Afrique de l' Ouest : bilan des activités du Programme de lutte contre l' onchocercose dans la région du Bassin de la Volta de 1974 à 1984
World Health Organization. Onchocerciasis Control Programme in the Volta River Basin Area ( 1985 )
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10 [Ten] health questions about the 10 / written by Albena Arnaudova ; and edited by Yves Charpak
Arnaudova, Albena; Charpak, Yves; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2004 )
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