WHO vaccine-preventable diseases: monitoring system. 2016 global summary

Last updated 15-July-2016 (15-July-2016)
Next overall update Fall 2016
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Development status: Developing GNI / capita (US$): 6'8001 Infant (under 12 months) mortality rate: 342
GDP / capita (US$): 13'0461 Child (under 5 years) mortality rate: 412

Population data in thousands3

  2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2000  1990  1980 
Total population 54'490  53'969  53'417  52'837  52'237  44'897  36'793  29'077 
Births 1'111  1'113  1'114  1'114  1'113  1'097  1'082  1'019 
Surviving infants 1'072  1'073  1'072  1'069  1'066  1'035  1'029  952 
Pop. less than 5 years 5'370  5'448  5'572  5'684  5'700  5'415  5'110  4'505 
Pop. less than 15 years 15'933  15'935  15'985  16'049  16'060  15'654  14'326  12'081 
Female 15-49 years 14'677  14'549  14'416  14'279  14'141  12'145  9'244  6'899 

Number of reported cases

(Click for retrospective incidence data for South Africa)
Diphtheria
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  15  34  57 
Japanese encephalitis
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Measles
ChartChart ChartChart
  17  66  25  32  92  1'459  10'624  19'193 
Mumps
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Pertussis
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  103  230  116  181 
Polio*
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  112 
Rubella
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  54  10  103  2'298  3'266  541 
Rubella (CRS)
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  32 
Tetanus (neonatal)
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  11  58  166 
Tetanus (total)**
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  11  117  288 
Yellow fever
ChartChart
 
* Polio refers to all polio cases (indigenous or imported), including polio cases caused by vaccine derived polio viruses (VDPV). For desagregated data please click on this hyperlink: https://extranet.who.int/polis/public/CaseCount.aspx
it does not include cases of vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP) and cases of non polio acute flaccid paralysis [AFP]).
** Neonatal Tetanus and Total Tetanus cases equality may be the result from a lack of non-Neonatal Tetanus surveillance system.

Percentage target population vaccinated by antigen

Hovering over an antigen reveals its fuller definition
  Most recent coverage survey4  

Official country estimates5

  (Click for retrospective coverage estimates data for South Africa)
Vaccine year result method % card seen                                                
BCG 2007  86     69  83  93  89  89  88  99 
DTP1 2007  73     69  94  96  92  83  89  95 
DTP3 2007  63     69  93  95  91  83  87  96 
DTP4          79  76 
IPV1          94  96 
HepB_BD          95 
HepB3 2007  56     69  93  98  88  86  94  88 
Hib3 2007  45     69  93  95  91  83  87  88 
JapEnc         
MCV1          97  92  87  89  89  95 
MCV2          84  81  75  77  75  80 
PCV1          94  96  97  98 
PCV3          95  90  87  88  80 
Pol3 2007  67     69  93  95  91  83  87  96 
Rota1          96  98  98 
RotaC          95  94  89  89  85 
Rubella1         
TT2plus          63  51  65 
PAB         
VAD1          56  50  43  97  87 
YFV         
° indicates that more than 1 survey occurred that year.  * indicates the country reported above 100% coverage.

  Next update: Mid July 2017

WHO-UNICEF estimates6

  (Click for full retrospective WHO-UNICEF coverage estimates data for South Africa)
BCG
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  69  77  72  84  78  89  57 
DTP1
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  72  73  69  70  77  85  89 
DTP3
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  69  70  65  68  72  73  72 
HepB3
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  71  74  65  73  76  73 
HepB_BD
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Hib3
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  69  70  65  68  72  73 
IPV1
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  95 
MCV1
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  76  70  66  79  78  72  79 
MCV2
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  63  60  53  67  62  57 
PAB
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  80  80  77  77  77  68 
PCV3
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  69  65  62  81  72 
Pol3
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  70  71  66  69  73  71  76 
RCV1
ChartChart
 
RotaC
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  72  72  64  78  72 

Number of districts in the country 52  Proportion of
districts reporting
DTP3 coverage:
% of coverage reports received at national
level vs number of reports expected
100 
   
/
|
|
\
Greater or equal to 90% 40
From 80 to 89% 46
From 50 to 79% 13
Less than 50% 0
Proportion of districts
not reporting DTP3 coverage
0
DTP3 reported coverageDTP3 reported coverage

Immunization Schedule (2015 or latest available)

Hovering over an antigen reveals its fuller definition
Vaccine Schedule Entire country Comment
BCG birth; Yes
DTaPHibHepIPV 6, 10, 14 weeks; 18 months; Yes
DTaPHibIPV 6, 10, 14 weeks; 18 months; Yes
HPV 9 years and above (2 doses); Yes
HepB 6, 10, 14 weeks; Yes and adults at contact, +1, +6 months
HepB_Adult 1st contact; +1, +6 months; Yes
HepB_Pediatric 6, 10, 14 weeks; Yes
Influenza 6-59 months; >65 years; Children and adults with chronic illness, pregnant women, health care workers and other risk groups
Measles 9, 18 months; Yes
OPV birth; 6 weeks; Yes
Pneumo_conj 6, 14 weeks; 9 months; Yes
Rotavirus 6, 14 weeks; Yes
TT 1st contact pregnancy; +1, +6 months; Yes
Td 6, 12 years; Yes
VitaminA 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36 months; Yes

Immunizaton indicators

Indicator Expected answer 2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2010  2009 

Planning and management

Has the country a Multi-Year Plan (MYP) for immunization? Yes/No/NR Yes  No  Yes  Yes  No  Yes  Yes 
What years does the MYP cover? number 2016-2020  NA    2013-2017      2010-2013 
Nº of districts with microplans that include activities to raise immunization coverage number   52      52    48 

System performance

Total Nº districts in country number 52  52  52  52  52  52  52 
Nº districts with DTP3 coverage >=80% number 45  45  34  43  47  36   
% of districts with DTP3 coverage >=80% From 0 to 100% 87  87  65  83  90  69   
Nº districts with measles (MCV1) coverage >=95% number 18  12  44  26  19   
% of districts with MCV1 coverage >=95% From 0 to 100% 35  23  17  85  50  37   

Safety

Has the country a vaccine adverse events review committee? Yes/No/NR/ND No  No  No  No  No  No   
Is there a national system to monitor adverse events following immunization (AEFI)? Yes/No/NR No  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes 

Finance

Immunization expenditure financed, using Government funds? From 0 to 100% 100  100  100  100  100  100  100 

National Immunization Advisory Mechanism

Has the country a standing technical advisory group on immunization (NITAG)? Yes/No/NR Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes   

Sources

 1  "The 2013 World Bank Development Indicators Online", GDP per capita is PPP adjusted.
 2  World Health Statistics 2013, data for 2012
 3  "United Nations, Population Division. The World Population Prospects - the 2015 revision". New York, 2016.
 4  UNICEF/WHO survey database
 5  If no official estimate is available, the administrative coverage is reported. '*' indicates coverage over 99.5%.
 6  WHO-UNICEF estimates.