WHO vaccine-preventable diseases: monitoring system. 2016 global summary

Last updated 1-December 2016 (data as of 18-November-2016)
Next overall update June 2017
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Development status: Developing GNI / capita (US$): 1'9801 Infant (under 12 months) mortality rate: 272
GDP / capita (US$): 6'0231 Child (under 5 years) mortality rate: 342

Population data in thousands3

  2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2000  1990  1980 
Total population 93'448  92'423  91'379  90'336  89'322  80'286  68'210  54'373 
Births 1'582  1'585  1'583  1'576  1'564  1'408  1'960  1'752 
Surviving infants 1'553  1'556  1'553  1'545  1'533  1'370  1'891  1'676 
Pop. less than 5 years 7'741  7'692  7'616  7'518  7'406  7'245  9'212  7'991 
Pop. less than 15 years 21'577  21'356  21'136  20'957  20'879  25'416  25'494  22'218 
Female 15-49 years 25'898  25'872  25'831  25'764  25'651  21'916  16'676  12'345 

Number of reported cases

(Click for retrospective incidence data for Viet Nam)
Diphtheria
ChartChart
  15  16  11  12  13  113  509  1'730 
Japanese encephalitis
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  368  421  224  183  126 
Measles
ChartChart ChartChart
  256  15'033  1'123  578  750  16'512  8'175  86'901 
Mumps
ChartChart
 
Pertussis
ChartChart
  309  90  54  98  105  1'426  4'095  96'577 
Polio*
ChartChart
  723  1'741 
Rubella
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  798  59  54  185  7'259 
Rubella (CRS)
ChartChart
  92  189 
Tetanus (neonatal)
ChartChart
  47  34  46  39  32  142  313 
Tetanus (total)**
ChartChart
  360  244  306  253  186  267  628  1'948 
Yellow fever
ChartChart
 
* Polio refers to all polio cases (indigenous or imported), including polio cases caused by vaccine derived polio viruses (VDPV). For desagregated data please click on this hyperlink: https://extranet.who.int/polis/public/CaseCount.aspx
it does not include cases of vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP) and cases of non polio acute flaccid paralysis [AFP]).
** Neonatal Tetanus and Total Tetanus cases equality may be the result from a lack of non-Neonatal Tetanus surveillance system.

Percentage target population vaccinated by antigen

Hovering over an antigen reveals its fuller definition
  Most recent coverage survey4  

Official country estimates5

  (Click for retrospective coverage estimates data for Viet Nam)
Vaccine year result method % card seen                                                
BCG 2012  98  MICS   94  97  96  95  98  98  98  90 
DTP1 2012  96  MICS   94  98  95  83  99  97  97 
DTP3 2012  89  MICS   94  97  95  59  97  95  96  88 
DTP4          88  87 
IPV1         
HepB_BD          70  55  56  76  55 
HepB3 2012  87  MICS   94  97  95  59  97  95  94 
Hib3 2012  88  MICS   94  97  95  59  97  95 
JapEnc          96  94  91  94 
MCV1          97  97  98  96  96  97  88 
MCV2          92  94  86  83  93 
PCV1         
PCV3         
Pol3 2012  93  MICS   94  97  96  93  97  96  96  88 
Rota1         
RotaC         
RCV1         
TT2plus 2012  60  MICS   94  93  91  91  95  95  90  22 
PAB         
VAD1          59  86  80  98  80  77 
YFV         
° indicates that more than 1 survey occurred that year.  * indicates the country reported above 100% coverage.

  Next update: Mid July 2017

WHO-UNICEF estimates6

  (Click for full retrospective WHO-UNICEF coverage estimates data for Viet Nam)
BCG
ChartChart
  97  96  95  98  98  98  90 
DTP1
ChartChart
  98  95  83  99  97  97  96 
DTP3
ChartChart
  97  95  59  97  95  96  88 
HepB3
ChartChart
  97  95  59  97  95 
HepB_BD
ChartChart
  70  55  56  76  55 
Hib3
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  97  95  59  97  95 
IPV1
ChartChart
 
MCV1
ChartChart
  97  97  98  96  96  97  88 
MCV2
ChartChart
  92  94  86  83  93 
PAB
ChartChart
  94  91  91  91  87  86  24 
PCV3
ChartChart
 
Pol3
ChartChart
  97  96  93  97  96  96  88 
RCV1
ChartChart
 
RotaC
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Number of districts in the country 707  Proportion of
districts reporting
DTP3 coverage:
% of coverage reports received at national
level vs number of reports expected
100 
   
/
|
|
\
Greater or equal to 90% 91
From 80 to 89% 5
From 50 to 79% 2
Less than 50% 1
Proportion of districts
not reporting DTP3 coverage
0
DTP3 reported coverageDTP3 reported coverage

Immunization Schedule (2015 or latest available)

Hovering over an antigen reveals its fuller definition
Vaccine Schedule Entire country Comment
BCG birth; Yes
CHOLERA No
DTwP 18 months; Yes
DTwPHibHepB 2, 3, 4 months; Yes
HepB_Pediatric birth; Yes
JapEnc 12 months; + 2 weeks; 2 years; Yes
MR 18 months; Yes
Measles 9, 18 months; Yes
OPV 2, 3, 4 months; Yes
TT pregnant Women; +1, +6 months; +1 year; Yes
Typhoid 3 years; No
VitaminA 6, 11, 17, 23, 29, 36 months; Yes From June 2016

Immunizaton indicators

Indicator Expected answer 2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2010  2009 

Planning and management

Has the country a Multi-Year Plan (MYP) for immunization? Yes/No/NR Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes 
What years does the MYP cover? number 2016-2020  2011-2015  2011-2015  2011-2015  2011-2015  2011-2015  2006 - 2010 
Nº of districts with microplans that include activities to raise immunization coverage number       10   

System performance

Total Nº districts in country number 707  704  698  697  696  695  690 
Nº districts with DTP3 coverage >=80% number 683  662  100  676  657  662  668 
% of districts with DTP3 coverage >=80% From 0 to 100% 97  94  14  97  94  95  97 
Nº districts with measles (MCV1) coverage >=95% number 613  551  557  532  532  585  558 
% of districts with MCV1 coverage >=95% From 0 to 100% 87  78  80  76  76  84  81 

Safety

Has the country a vaccine adverse events review committee? Yes/No/NR/ND Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes   
Is there a national system to monitor adverse events following immunization (AEFI)? Yes/No/NR Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes 

Finance

Immunization expenditure financed, using Government funds? From 0 to 100% 56  44  40  36  33  39  85 

National Immunization Advisory Mechanism

Has the country a standing technical advisory group on immunization (NITAG)? Yes/No/NR Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes   

Sources

 1  "The 2016 World Bank Development Indicators Online", GDP per capita is PPP adjusted.
 2  World Health Statistics 2016, data for 2015
 3  "United Nations, Population Division. The World Population Prospects - the 2015 revision". New York, 2016.
 4  UNICEF/WHO survey database
 5  If no official estimate is available, the administrative coverage is reported. '*' indicates coverage over 99.5%.
 6  WHO-UNICEF estimates.