WHO vaccine-preventable diseases: monitoring system. 2017 global summary

Last updated 06-Sep-2017 (data as of 05-Sep-2017)
Next overall update 2018
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Development status: Developing GNI / capita (US$): 1'9401 Infant (under 12 months) mortality rate: 192
GDP / capita (US$): 5'1901 Child (under 5 years) mortality rate: 222

Population data in thousands3

  2016  2015  2014  2013  2012  2000  1990  1980 
Total population 6'150  6'082  6'014  5'946  5'877  5'027  4'145  3'250 
Births 120  121  122  124  125  135  149  144 
Surviving infants 118  119  120  121  122  131  140  132 
Pop. less than 5 years 597  606  612  619  626  666  694  607 
Pop. less than 15 years 1'815  1'827  1'836  1'847  1'859  1'992  1'896  1'524 
Female 15-49 years 1'708  1'687  1'667  1'645  1'621  1'291  943  709 

Number of reported cases

(Click for retrospective incidence data for Nicaragua)
Diphtheria
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Japanese encephalitis
 
Measles
ChartChart ChartChart
  3'784 
Mumps
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  82  29  44  35  1'081 
Pertussis
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  90  36  68  11  2'469 
Polio*
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  21 
Rubella
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  326 
Rubella (CRS)
ChartChart
 
Tetanus (neonatal)
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  15  157 
Tetanus (total)**
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  15  362 
Yellow fever
 
* Polio refers to all polio cases (indigenous or imported), including polio cases caused by vaccine derived polio viruses (VDPV). For disaggregated data please click on this hyperlink: https://extranet.who.int/polis/public/CaseCount.aspx
it does not include cases of vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP) and cases of non polio acute flaccid paralysis [AFP]).
** Neonatal Tetanus and Total Tetanus cases equality may be the result from a lack of non-Neonatal Tetanus surveillance system.

Percentage target population vaccinated by antigen

Hovering over an antigen reveals its fuller definition
  Most recent coverage survey4  

Official country estimates5

  (Click for retrospective coverage estimates data for Nicaragua)
Vaccine year result method % card seen                                                
BCG 2005  98  ENDESA   80  99*  99*  99*  99*  99*  99*  84  34 
DTP1 2005  98  ENDESA   80  99*  99*  99*  99*  99*  97 
DTP3 2005  95  ENDESA   80  99*  99*  99*  99*  99*  93  70  16 
DTP4          96  99  97 
IPV1          99* 
HepB_BD         
HepB3 2005  95  ENDESA   80  99*  99*  99*  99*  99*  93 
Hib3 2005  95  ENDESA   80  99*  99*  99*  99*  99*  93 
JapEnc         
MCV1          99*  99*  99*  99*  99*  99*  83  15 
MCV2          99*  97 
MenA         
PCV1          99*  99*  99*  99*  99* 
PCV2          99*  99*  99*  99*  99* 
PCV3          99*  99*  99*  99*  99* 
Pol3 2005  95  ENDESA   80  99*  99*  99*  99*  99*  93  90  21 
Rota1          99*  99*  99  99*  99* 
RotaC          99*  99*  99*  99*  99* 
RCV1          99*  99*  99*  99*  99* 
TT2plus 2000  42  DHS   79  42  46  25  50  95 
PAB         
VAD1          89  99  98  98  84 
YFV          99* 
* indicates the country reported above 100% coverage.

  Next update: Mid-July 2018

WHO-UNICEF estimates6

  (Click for full retrospective WHO-UNICEF coverage estimates data for Nicaragua)
BCG
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  98  98  98  98  98  96  84  34 
DTP1
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  99  99  99  99  99  97  88  39 
DTP3
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  98  98  98  98  98  83  70  16 
HepB3
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  98  98  98  98  98  83 
HepB_BD
 
Hib3
ChartChart
  98  98  98  98  98  83 
IPV1
  99 
MCV1
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  99  99  99  99  99  86  82  15 
MCV2
ChartChart
 
PCV3
ChartChart
  98  98  98  98  98 
Pol3
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  99  99  99  99  99  85  90  21 
RCV1
ChartChart
  99  99  99  99  99  86 
RotaC
ChartChart
  98  98  98  98  98 

Click for WHO-UNICEF coverage estimates data for PAB time series.

Number of districts in the country 153  Proportion of
districts reporting
DTP3 coverage:
% of coverage reports received at national
level vs number of reports expected
100 
   
/
|
|
\
Greater or equal to 90% 87
From 80 to 89% 7
From 50 to 79% 6
Less than 50% 1
Proportion of districts
not reporting DTP3 coverage
0
DTP3 reported coverageDTP3 reported coverage

Immunization Schedule (2016 or latest available)

Hovering over an antigen reveals its fuller definition
Vaccine Schedule Entire country Comment
BCG birth; Yes
DTwP 18 months; 6 years; Yes
DTwPHibHepB 2, 4, 6 months; Yes
HepB_Adult Yes risk groups
Influenza_Adult Yes adults with chronic diseases, pregnant women, health care workers
Influenza_Pediatric Yes children at risk
IPV 2 months; Yes
MMR 12 months; Yes
MR Yes catch up campaigns every 4 years to children 2-4 years old
OPV 4, 6 months; Yes
Pneumo_conj 2, 4, 6 months; Yes
Pneumo_ps > 50 years; Yes
Rotavirus 2, 4 months; Yes
Td 10, 20 years; Yes
VitaminA 6 months; 1, 2, 3, 4 years; Yes
YF Yes travellers to endemic countries

Immunizaton indicators

Indicator Expected answer 2016  2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2010 

Planning and management

Has the country a Multi-Year Plan (MYP) for immunization? Yes/No/NR Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes    Yes  Yes 
What years does the MYP cover? number 2016-2020  2016-2020  2'015  2009-2015  2011-2015  2011- 2015  2011-2015 
Nº of districts with microplans that include activities to raise immunization coverage number 153  153  153  18  153  153  153 

System performance

Total Nº districts in country number 153  153  153  153  153  153  153 
Nº districts with DTP3 coverage >=80% number 143  136  141  139  143  135  139 
% of districts with DTP3 coverage >=80% From 0 to 100% 93  89  92  91  93  88  91 
Nº districts with measles (MCV1) coverage >=95% number 119  125  120  123  122  108  95 
% of districts with MCV1 coverage >=95% From 0 to 100% 78  82  78  80  80  71  62 

Safety

Has the country a vaccine adverse events review committee? Yes/No/NR/ND Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  No  No  No 
Is there a national system to monitor adverse events following immunization (AEFI)? Yes/No/NR Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes 

Finance

% of Immunization expenditure financed, using Government funds? From 0 to 100% 67  81  75  74  39  23  52 

National Immunization Advisory Mechanism

Has the country a standing technical advisory group on immunization (NITAG)? Yes/No/NR Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes 

Sources

 1  "The 2017 World Bank Development Indicators Online", GDP per capita is PPP adjusted.
 2  World Health Statistics 2016, data for 2015
 3  "United Nations, Population Division. The World Population Prospects - the 2017 revision". New York, 2017.
 4  UNICEF/WHO survey database
 5  If no official estimate is available, the administrative coverage is reported. '*' indicates coverage over 99.5%.
 6  WHO-UNICEF estimates.