WHO vaccine-preventable diseases: monitoring system. 2014 global summary

Last updated 05-Dec-2014 (Data received as of 1-Dec-2014)
Next overall update June 2015
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Development status: Developed economy GNI / capita (US$): 46'1401 Infant (under 12 months) mortality rate: 22
GDP / capita (US$): 36'3151 Child (under 5 years) mortality rate: 32

Population data in thousands3

  2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2000  1990  1980 
Total population 127'144  127'250  127'319  127'353  127'353  125'715  122'249  115'912 
Births 1'062  1'071  1'080  1'088  1'095  1'155  1'280  1'605 
Surviving infants 1'059  1'069  1'077  1'085  1'092  1'151  1'274  1'593 
Pop. less than 5 years 5'382  5'389  5'393  5'393  5'425  5'858  6'430  8'425 
Pop. less than 15 years 16'594  16'717  16'828  16'921  17'054  18'385  22'389  27'311 
Female 15-49 years 26'539  26'731  26'902  27'057  27'264  29'155  31'194  30'403 

Number of reported case

(Click for retrospective incidence data for Japan)
Diphtheria 66 
Japanese encephalitis
Measles 229  228  434  450  741  22'497  3'259  13'219 
Mumps 40'999  71'549  137'060  179'635  104'568  132'659 
Pertussis 1'663  4'087  4'395  5'406  5'208  3'787  583  5'033 
Polio*
Rubella 14'359  2'353  369  89  148  3'120 
Rubella (CRS) 31 
Tetanus (neonatal)
Tetanus (total) 127  116  111  104  113  90  47  50 
Yellow fever
* Polio refers to all polio cases (indigenous or imported), including polio cases caused by vaccine derived polio viruses (VDPV);"
"it does not include cases of vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP) and cases of non polio acute flaccid paralysis [AFP]).

Percentage target population vaccinated by antigen

Hovering over an antigen reveals its fuller definition
  Most recent coverage survey4  

Official country estimates5

  (Click for retrospective coverage estimates data for Japan)
Vaccine year result method % card seen                                                
BCG          93  95  94  99  94  96  85 
DTP1          99*  99*  99*  99*  99*  100 
DTP3          99*  99*  99*  99*  99*  85  87  60 
HepB_BD         
HepB3         
Hib3         
JapEnc          99*  99*  61  22  21 
MCV          95  96  94  94  94  96  66  69 
MCV2          93  92  92  97  92 
PCV1         
PCV3         
Pol3          99  99  96  98  100  99  90 
Rota1         
Rota_last         
Rubella1          95  96  94  94  94 
TT2plus         
PAB         
VAD1         
YFV         
  ° indicates that more than 1 survey occurred that year

  Next update: July 2015

WHO-UNICEF estimates6

  (Click for full retrospective WHO-UNICEF coverage estimates data for Japan)
BCG 93  95  94  99  94  85 
DTP1 99  99  99  99  99  88  96  82 
DTP3 98  98  98  98  98  85  90  60 
HepB3
HepB_BD
Hib3
MCV 95  96  94  94  94  96  73  69 
MCV2 93  92  92  97  92 
PnC3
Pol3 99  99  96  98  99  98  90 
Rota_last

Number of districts in the country 1'748  Proportion of
districts reporting
DTP3 coverage:
% of coverage reports received at national
level vs number of reports expected
 
   
/
|
|
\
Greater or equal to 90% 0
From 80 to 89%
From 50 to 79%
Less than 50%
Proportion of districts
not reporting DTP3 coverage
100
 

Immunization Schedule (2013 or latest available)

Hovering over an antigen reveals its fuller definition
Vaccine Schedule Entire country Comment
BCG 1 year; Yes
DT 11 years; Yes
DTaPIPV 3, 4.5, 6, 18 months; Yes
HIB 2, 3, 4 months; 1 year; Yes
HPV 13 years (x3); Yes
Influenza >=65 years; Yes
JapEnc 36, 37 months; 4, 9 years; Yes
MR 1, 5 years; Yes
Pneumo_conj 2, 3, 4 months; 1 year; Yes

Immunizaton indicators

Indicator Expected answer 2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007 

Planning and management

Has the country a Multi-Year Plan (MYP) for immunization? Yes/No/NR No  No  No  No  No  No  No 
What years does the MYP cover? number              
Nº of districts with microplans that include activities to raise immunization coverage number              

National Immunization Advisory Mechanism

Has the country a standing technical advisory group on immunization (NITAG)? Yes/No/NR Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes       

System performance

Total Nº districts in country number 1'748  1'742  1'725  1'724   
Nº districts with DTP3 coverage >=80% number
% of districts with DTP3 coverage >=80% From 0 to 100%  
Nº districts with measles (MCV1) coverage >=95% number              
% of districts with MCV1 coverage >=95% From 0 to 100%              

Safety

Has the country a vaccine adverse events review committee? Yes/No/NR/ND Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes       
Is there a national system to monitor adverse events following immunization (AEFI)? Yes/No/NR Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes 

Finance

Estimated percentage of routine vaccines funded by Government From 0 to 100%              

Sources

Unless otherwise specified, data provided by Member States through WHO-UNICEF Joint Reporting Form and WHO Regional offices.
 1  "The 2013 World Bank Development Indicators Online", GDP per capita is PPP adjusted.
 2  World Health Statistics 2013, data for 2012
 3  "United Nations, Population Division. The World Population Prospects - the 2012 revision". New York, 2013.
 4  UNICEF/WHO survey database
 5  If no official estimate is available, the administrative coverage is reported. '*' indicates coverage over 99.5%.
 6  WHO-UNICEF estimates.