WHO vaccine-preventable diseases: monitoring system. 2016 global summary

Last updated 15-July-2016 (15-July-2016)
Next overall update Fall 2016
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Development status: Developing GNI / capita (US$): 1 Infant (under 12 months) mortality rate: 142
GDP / capita (US$): 1 Child (under 5 years) mortality rate: 162

Population data in thousands3

  2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2000  1990  1980 
Total population 2'793  2'783  2'773  2'763  2'752  2'600  2'386  2'142 
Births 48  48  49  49  49  56  61  63 
Surviving infants 47  48  48  48  48  55  60  61 
Pop. less than 5 years 204  205  211  218  223  286  292  284 
Pop. less than 15 years 659  672  690  710  728  845  837  862 
Female 15-49 years 755  752  747  741  736  669  595  484 

Number of reported cases

(Click for retrospective incidence data for Jamaica)
Diphtheria
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  13 
Japanese encephalitis
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Measles
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  3'651  36 
Mumps
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  10 
Pertussis
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  23  13 
Polio*
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Rubella
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Rubella (CRS)
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Tetanus (neonatal)
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Tetanus (total)**
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  10 
Yellow fever
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* Polio refers to all polio cases (indigenous or imported), including polio cases caused by vaccine derived polio viruses (VDPV). For desagregated data please click on this hyperlink: https://extranet.who.int/polis/public/CaseCount.aspx
it does not include cases of vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP) and cases of non polio acute flaccid paralysis [AFP]).
** Neonatal Tetanus and Total Tetanus cases equality may be the result from a lack of non-Neonatal Tetanus surveillance system.

Percentage target population vaccinated by antigen

Hovering over an antigen reveals its fuller definition
  Most recent coverage survey4  

Official country estimates5

  (Click for retrospective coverage estimates data for Jamaica)
Vaccine year result method % card seen                                                
BCG 2009  100  MICS   78  99*  90  93  96  99*  93  98  38 
DTP1 2009  98  MICS   78  88  90  92  95  94  87 
DTP3 2009  92  MICS   78  91  92  93  96  92  86  86  24 
DTP4          80  85 
IPV1          33 
HepB_BD         
HepB3 2009  92  MICS   78  91  92  93  96  92 
Hib3 2009  92  MICS   78  91  92  93  96  91 
JapEnc         
MCV1          91  92  94  93  88  88  74 
MCV2          83  72  71  76  60 
PCV1          39  48  99*  14 
PCV3          35  34  70  17 
Pol3 2009  92  MICS   78  91  93  86  96  93  86  87  34 
Rota1         
RotaC         
Rubella1          91  92  94  93  88 
TT2plus 2009  26  MICS   78  53  56  32  59  67  55 
PAB         
VAD1         
YFV         
° indicates that more than 1 survey occurred that year.  * indicates the country reported above 100% coverage.

  Next update: Mid July 2017

WHO-UNICEF estimates6

  (Click for full retrospective WHO-UNICEF coverage estimates data for Jamaica)
BCG
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  99  90  93  95  95  94  98  38 
DTP1
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  97  97  97  98  94  97  95  48 
DTP3
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  91  92  93  96  92  93  86  24 
HepB3
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  91  92  93  96  92 
HepB_BD
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Hib3
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  91  92  93  96  91 
IPV1
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  33 
MCV1
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  91  92  94  93  88  88  74 
MCV2
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  83  72  71  76  60 
PAB
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  80  80  80  80  80  51 
PCV3
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Pol3
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  91  93  86  96  93  95  87  34 
RCV1
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  91  92  94  93  88  88 
RotaC
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Number of districts in the country 13  Proportion of
districts reporting
DTP3 coverage:
% of coverage reports received at national
level vs number of reports expected
100 
   
/
|
|
\
Greater or equal to 90% 69
From 80 to 89% 23
From 50 to 79% 8
Less than 50% 0
Proportion of districts
not reporting DTP3 coverage
0
DTP3 reported coverageDTP3 reported coverage

Immunization Schedule (2015 or latest available)

Hovering over an antigen reveals its fuller definition
Vaccine Schedule Entire country Comment
BCG birth; Yes
DT 6 weeks; 3, 5-6, 18 months; 4-6 years; Yes Pertussis contrindication
DTwP 18 months; 4-6 years; Yes
DTwPHibHepB 6 weeks; 3, 5-6 months; Yes
HIB 6 weeks; 3, 5-6 months; Yes pertussis contrindication
HepB_Adult 1st contact; +1, +6 months; health care workers and contacts to Hep B positive cases
HepB_Pediatric 6 weeks; 3, 5-6 months; Yes
IPV 6 weeks; 3, 5-6, 18 months; 4-6 years; Yes 1st dose is routine and the other doses for immunocompromised
Influenza_Adult Yes adults with chronic diseases and health care workers
Influenza_Pediatric Yes children with chronic diseases
MMR 12, 18 months; Yes
OPV 3, 5-6, 18 months; 4-6 years; Yes
Pneumo_conj 2, 4, 6, 18 months; Yes Children with sickle cell disease and HIV infected
Td 4-6 years; Yes pregnant women and adults
YF Yes travelers to endemic countries

Immunizaton indicators

Indicator Expected answer 2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2010  2009 

Planning and management

Has the country a Multi-Year Plan (MYP) for immunization? Yes/No/NR No  No  No  No  No  No  No 
What years does the MYP cover? number              
Nº of districts with microplans that include activities to raise immunization coverage number 13  13  13  13  13  13  13 

System performance

Total Nº districts in country number 13  13  13  13  13  13  13 
Nº districts with DTP3 coverage >=80% number 12  13  12  11  11  13 
% of districts with DTP3 coverage >=80% From 0 to 100% 92  100  92  85  85  100  69 
Nº districts with measles (MCV1) coverage >=95% number
% of districts with MCV1 coverage >=95% From 0 to 100% 31  54  69  15  31 

Safety

Has the country a vaccine adverse events review committee? Yes/No/NR/ND Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes     
Is there a national system to monitor adverse events following immunization (AEFI)? Yes/No/NR Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes 

Finance

Immunization expenditure financed, using Government funds? From 0 to 100% 99  100  99  97  99  100   

National Immunization Advisory Mechanism

Has the country a standing technical advisory group on immunization (NITAG)? Yes/No/NR No  No  No  No  No     

Sources

 1  "The 2013 World Bank Development Indicators Online", GDP per capita is PPP adjusted.
 2  World Health Statistics 2013, data for 2012
 3  "United Nations, Population Division. The World Population Prospects - the 2015 revision". New York, 2016.
 4  UNICEF/WHO survey database
 5  If no official estimate is available, the administrative coverage is reported. '*' indicates coverage over 99.5%.
 6  WHO-UNICEF estimates.