Disaggregated data are useful to track progress on health goals, revealing differences between sub-groups that overall averages may mask. Health equity data provide an evidence base for equity-oriented interventions, and are a key component of mainstreaming gender, equity and human rights as well as equity-oriented progress towards universal health coverage.
The Health Equity Monitor currently includes over 30 reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health indicators, disaggregated by economic status, education, place of residence (rural vs. urban) and subnational region as well as age and sex (where applicable). Data are based on more than 330 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and Reproductive Health Surveys (RHS) conducted in 111 countries, 108 of which are low- or middle-income countries, in 1991-2015. For 86 countries (77%), data are available for at least two time points. Health Equity Monitor data were derived from re-analysis of DHS, MICS and RHS micro-data. In general, standard indicator definitions were adopted, as published in DHS, MICS and RHS documentation. In a few cases there may be minor differences between the data reported here and in previous DHS, MICS or RHS country reports due to small discrepancies in the definition and calculation of some indicators. Detailed information about the criteria used to calculate the indicator numerator and denominator values used in these analyses is available in the WHO Indicator and Measurement Registry.The analysis was done by the WHO Collaborating Center for Health Equity Monitoring (International Center for Equity in Health, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil).
More information about the Health Equity Monitor, including interactive graphs and country profiles, can be found on the Health Equity Monitor theme page: