Key indicators: Viet Nam
WHO region Western Pacific
Child health
Diphtheria tetanus toxoid and pertussis (DTP3) immunization coverage among 1-year-olds (%) (2016) 96
Demographic and socioeconomic statistics
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.25 a day (PPP) (% of population) (2008) 16.9
Gender inequality index rank (2014) 60
Human development index rank (2014) 116
Health financing
Total expenditure on health as a percentage of gross domestic product (2014) 7.07 (Viet Nam note)
Private expenditure on health as a percentage of total expenditure on health (2014) 45.94 (Viet Nam note)
General government expenditure on health as a percentage of total government expenditure (2014) 14.22 (Viet Nam note)
Health systems
Physicians density (per 1000 population) (2013) 1.18
Nursing and midwifery personnel density (per 1000 population) (2013) 1.226
Mortality and global health estimates
Neonatal mortality rate (per 1000 live births) (2016) 11.5 [8.9-14.6]
Under-five mortality rate (probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births) (2016) 21.6 [18.6-25.8]
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) (2015) 54 [ 41 - 74]
Public health and environment
Population using improved drinking-water sources (%) (2015) 96.9 (Rural)
97.6 (Total)
99.1 (Urban)
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) (2015) 69.7 (Rural)
78.0 (Total)
94.4 (Urban)
Sustainable development goals
Life expectancy at birth (years) (2015) 76.0 (Both sexes)
71.3 (Male)
80.7 (Female)
Births attended by skilled health personnel (%) (2013) 93.8
World Health Statistics
Population (in thousands) total (2015) 93447.6
Population proportion under 15 (%) (2015) 23.1
Population proportion over 60 (%) (2015) 10.3
Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) (2007-2012) 93