CARRAGEENAN

General Information


Synonyms: CARRAGEENAN (FROM CHONDRUS AND GIGARTINA SPP.), DANISH AGAR (FROM FURCELLARIA FASTIGIATA), EUCHEUMAN (FROM EUCHEUMA SPP.), FURCELLARAN (FROM FURCELLARIA FASTIGIATA), HYPNEAN (FROM HYPNEA SPP.), IRIDOPHYCAN (FROM IRIDAEA SPP.), IRISH MOSS GELOSE (FROM CHONDRUS SSP.)
CAS number: 9000-07-1
INS: 407
Functional Class:
  • Food Additives
    • EMULSIFIER
    • GELLING_AGENT
    • STABILIZER
    • THICKENER

Evaluations


Evaluation year: 2014
ADI: Not specified
Comments: The Committee reviewed data published since the sixty-eighth meeting in 2007, focusing in particular on data of relevance to the safety assessment of the use of carrageenan (but not processed Eucheuma seaweed) in infant formula. [...] The Committee concluded that the use of carrageenan in infant formula or formula for special medical purposes at concentrations up to 1000 mg/L is not of concern. The Committee recognized that there is variability in medical conditions among infants requiring formulas for special medical purposes that contain the higher levels of carrageenan, and the Committee noted that these infants would normally be under medical supervision.
Meeting: 79
Specs Code: R
Report: TRS 990-JECFA 79/14
Specification: FAO JECFA Monographs 16/7
Addendum Name: FAS 70-JECFA 79/13

Evaluation year: 2007
ADI: NOT SPECIFIED
Comments: Group ADI for carrageenan and processed eucheuma seaweed. The Committee was of the view that based on the information available, it is inadvisable to use carrageenan or processed eucheuma seaweed in infant formulas.
Meeting: 28
Specs Code: R (1985)
Report: TRS 947-JECFA68/
Tox Monograph: FAS 59-JECFA68/
Specification: FAO JECFA Monographs 4- JECFA 68/ . R
Previous Years: 2001, TRS 909-JECFA 57/32, COMPENDIUM ADDENDUM 9/FNP 52 Add.9/13; FAO JECFA Monographs 1 vol.1/341, FAS 48-JECFA 57/91. NOT SPECIFIED (GROUP ADI FOR CARRAGEENAN AND PROCESSED EUCHEUMA SEAWEED). NS. R
1998, TRS 891-JECFA 51/37, COMPENDIUM ADDENDUM 6/FNP 5