Burden of Musculoskeletal Conditions at the Start of the New Millennium (The)
Report of a WHO Scientific Report
Technical Report Series, No 919
World Health Organization
ISBN-13    9789241209199 ISBN-10    9241209194
N░ de commande    11000919 Format    Package
Prix    CHF    17.50 / US$    21.00 Pays en développement    CHF    12.25
Anglais     2003        228   pages
Table des matières
 
 
Sommaire
Musculoskeletal conditions are extremely common and include more than 150 different diseases and syndromes, which are usually associated with pain and loss of function. In the developed world, where these conditions are already the most frequent cause of physical disability, ageing of the most populous demographic groups will further increase the burden these conditions impose. In the developing world, successful care of childhood and communicable diseases and an increase in road traffic accidents is shifting the burden to musculoskeletal and other non-communicable conditions.
To help better prepare nations for the increase in disability brought about by musculoskeletal conditions, a Scientific Group meeting was held to map out the burden of the most prominent musculoskeletal conditions. In particular, the Group gathered data on the incidence and prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, major limb trauma, and spinal disorders. Data was collected and organized by world region, gender, and age groups to assist with the ongoing WHO Global Burden of Disease 2000 study. The Group also considered what is known about the severity and course of these conditions, along with their economic impact. The most relevant domains to assess and monitor the consequences of these conditions were identified and used to describe health states for the different stages of the conditions. Instruments that measure these most important domains for the different conditions were recommended.
It is clear from data collated that the impact from musculoskeletal conditions and trauma varies among different parts of the world and is influenced by social structure, expectation and economics, and that it is most difficult to measure impact in less developed nations where the predicted increase is greatest. "... this invaluable report is an essential tool and reference to face the burden of musculoskeletal conditions in this first decade of the new millennium. Health professionals and students from all over the world can find in this report the summary of all the relevant information on the musculoskeletal conditions, from its accurate definition and main indicators, to the models of its course and influencing factors, and a systematic review of a wide range of instruments to assess the general and specific burden of each condition..."
-- International Journal of Epidemiology