Optimal Duration of Exclusive Breastfeeding (The)
A Systematic Review
Document produced by the Department of Child and Adolescent Health
Technical Units
ISBN-13    9789241595643 ISBN-10    9241595647
Order Number    19300218   
Price    CHF    15.00 / US$    18.00 Developing countries:    CHF    10.50
English     2002        50   pages
Summary
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Summary
The longstanding debate over the optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding has centered on the so-called "weanling's dilemma" in developing countries: the choice between the known protective effect of exclusive breastfeeding against infectious morbidity and the (theoretical) insufficiency of breast milk alone to satisfy the infant's energy and micronutrient requirements beyond 4 months of age.

The primary objective of this review is to assess the effects on child health, growth, and development, and on maternal health, of exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months vs exclusive breastfeeding for 3-4 months with mixed breastfeeding (introduction of complementary liquid or solid foods with continued breastfeeding) thereafter through 6 months.