Despite long experience in fighting childhood
illness and mortality, health care providers in
LAMI countries face new challenges in promoting
child development. There is, nevertheless, a
wealth of information on this topic, generated by
researchers and clinicians working in resource poor
conditions. This review therefore compiles the
wealth of information that has already accumulated
in a systematic framework that can be used
by health care providers in LAMI countries.
In this review, the term "developmental difficulties"
is used to refer to a range of difficulties
experienced by infants and young children,
including developmental delay in the areas of
cognitive, language, social-emotional, behavioural
and neuromotor development. It includes information
from low- and middle-income countries on the
conceptualization, epidemiology, prevention,
detection, assessment and early management of
the broad spectrum of developmental risk factors
and developmental difficulties in children aged
3 years and under.