Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in the Americas: Guidelines for Prevention and Control
PAHO Scientific Publication, No 548
ISBN-13    9789275115480 ISBN-10    9275115486
Order Number    16100548 Format    E-book collection (PDF)
Price    CHF    40.00 / US$    48.00 Developing countries:    CHF    28.00
English     1994        98   pages
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Sets out guidelines for the development of strategies to prevent and control dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever in the Americas, where the threat posed by dengue has increased dramatically, and where countries previously free of the disease have experienced explosive outbreaks. Since dengue is primarily a problem of domestic sanitation, the guidelines give particular emphasis to the many effective, inexpensive, and environmentally safe measures that can be taken by households to control the larval stages of Aedes aegypti. Environmental measures for the control of adult mosquito populations are also covered in detail.
The book advocates a comprehensive vector control programme that brings together all possible safe, effective and economical control methods. Information is presented in nine chapters. The first reviews the state-of-the art in knowledge about the dengue viruses and modes of transmission, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and case definitions, vector distribution and biology, and the dominant risk factors seen in the Americas. The second chapter discusses the requirements for a surveillance system which includes disease surveillance, with appropriate laboratory support, and vector surveillance, using appropriate sampling techniques. Prevention and control strategies are described in two chapters.
The remaining chapters offer advice on preparation for and response to emergencies, suitable systems for the epidemiological and entomological evaluation of programmes, topics for operational research, and the training needed to adjust national dengue programmes to an integrated, community-based approach to prevention and control.