Ethics and Law in the Study of AIDS
PAHO Scientific Publication No 530
Fuenzalida-Puelma, H, Parada Linares, A.M., LaVertu, D.S.
PAHO
ISBN-13    9789275115305 ISBN-10    9275115303
Order Number    16100530 Format    Paper Back
Price    CHF    52.00 / US$    62.40 Developing countries:    CHF    36.40
English     1992        283   pages
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Summary
A multi-authored analysis of ethical and legal issues created by the epidemic of AIDS and HIV-infection. The 25 papers assembled in the book cover a variety of issues, ranging from the management of confidentiality to the mandatory testing of immigrants, that influence the way society responds to AIDS and thus determine the success of policies aimed at prevention and control. All papers share a human rights approach that affirms the patient's right to dignity and protection against discrimination.
The book is divided into four main parts complemented by an appendix. Chapters in the first part update knowledge on the epidemiology of the disease, summarize the status of international legislation on AIDS, and provide an 80-page comparative analysis of AIDS legislation enacted in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Chapters in the second part focus on ethical issues. Topics covered include confidentiality, ethics review committees, ethical research on AIDS, and the allocation of resources, particular concerning the distribution of a future vaccine against AIDS.
The third and most extensive part covers implications for public health policy. Papers report on experiences, in different countries and with different groups, that yield important lessons for the formulation of public health policies that respect the social and human dimensions of the disease. Topics include the use of the church in educational campaigns, the protection of blood and blood products, issues that arise at the workplace, and the roles of civil and criminal law in defining the rights and obligations of patients. Other papers define policy issues that arise from the needs of special groups. The final part conveys perceptions of AIDS from the viewpoint of the patient, the physician, and nursing personnel.