Economic Consequences of Noncommunicable Diseases and Injuries in the Russian Federation
Observatory Studies Series, No. 8
Suhrcke, M., Rocco, L., McKee, M., Mazzuco, S., Urban, D., Steinherr, A.
WHO Regional Office for Europe
ISBN-13    9789289021906 ISBN-10    928902190X
Order Number    13400125 Format    Paper Back
Price    CHF    25.00 / US$    30.00 Developing countries:    CHF    25.00
English     2007        84   pages
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Summary
There is increasing evidence of the two-way relationship between health and economic growth: while economic development can lead to improved population health, a healthier population can also drive economic growth. Although this finding has important policy implications, little is known about its direct relevance for the -transition- countries in central and eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States that are facing a very particular health challenge, predominantly posed by noncommunicable diseases (NCD) and injuries.

This study takes a first step towards analysing the issue. The focus is on the Russian Federation, although the findings are also relevant to other transitional economies. Two important questions are examined:
- What effect has adult ill-health, in particular NCD and injuries, had on the Russian economy and the economic outcomes of the people living there?
- If the excessive burden of adult ill-health in the Russian Federation were reduced, what economic benefits could result?

The answers are unambiguous: poor adult health negatively affects economic wellbeing at both the individual and household levels in the Russian Federation; and, if effective action were taken, improved health would play an important role in sustaining high economic growth rates.