|Table of contents
How do economists approach the assessment of economic motivation?
Economic arguments for investment in the social determinants of health
Basic economic rationales
Value for money
Findings in specific public policy areas with implications for health
1.1 Why this resource book?
1.2 Using this resource book
1.3 How were sectors chosen?
1.4 How are interventions classified?
1.4.1 Intersectoral public policy and action perspective
1.4.2 Intervention evidence review orientation
2. The economic argument for social determinants of health and socially determined health inequalities
2.1 Efficiency-based rationales for public policy intervention
2.2 Standard efficiency-based rationales
2.2.1 Imperfect or asymmetric information
2.2.3 Public goods
2.2.4 Departures from rationality
2.3 Non-standard economic rationales: behavioural economics
2.4 Equity-based rationale for public policy intervention
2.5 The relationship between efficiency and equity
2.5.1 The standard viewpoint
2.5.2 The standard viewpoint: when is it less valid?
2.5.3 The macroeconomics viewpoint: traditional and new evidence
3. Assessing value for money of interventions
3.1 Valuing the consequences of social determinants of health interventions
3.1.1 Valuing costs
3.1.2 Cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis
3.1.3 Cost-benefit analysis
3.2 Valuing reductions in health inequities
3.2.1 Valuing reductions in health inequities in cost-effectiveness analysis
3.2.2 Valuing reductions in health inequities in cost-benefit analysis
3.3 Challenges in assessing the value for money of social determinants of health interventions
4. Can education policy act as health policy?
4.1 Efficiency-based rationales
4.1.1 Economic benefits of education and the presence of market failures
4.1.2 Does education have an impact on health?
4.1.3 Average impact of education interventions
4.2 Equity-based rationales
4.2.1 Equity aspects in education
4.2.2 Equity impacts of interventions
4.3 Value for money
5. Can social protection act as health policy?
5.1 Efficiency-based rationales
5.1.1 Economic benefits of social protection and the presence of market failures
5.1.2 Does social protection have an impact on health?
5.1.3 Average impact of social protection interventions
5.2 Equity-based rationales
5.2.1 Equity aspects in social protection
5.2.2 Equity impacts of interventions
5.3 Value for money
6. Can urban development, housing and transport policy act as health policy?
6.1 Efficiency-based rationales
6.1.1 Benefits of urban development, housing and transport infrastructure and the presence of market failures
6.1.2 Does urban development and infrastructure have an impact on health?
6.1.3 Average impact of interventions
6.2 Equity-based rationales
6.2.1 Equity aspects in urban development, housing and transport
6.2.2 Equity impacts of interventions
6.3 Value for money
Annex A. Looking beyond GDP: broader measures of well-being, welfare and prosperity
Annex B. Commission on Social Determinants of Health recommendations
Annex C. Literature review: methodology