Economics of the Social Determinants of Health and Health Inequalities (The)
A Resource Book
Nonserial Publications
World Health Organization
ISBN-13    9789241548625 ISBN-10    9241548622
Order Number    11500856 Format    Paper Back
Price    CHF    35.00 / US$    42.00 Developing countries:    CHF    24.50
English     2013        131   pages
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Table of contents
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Table of contents
Executive summary
Background
How do economists approach the assessment of economic motivation?
Economic arguments for investment in the social determinants of health
Basic economic rationales
Value for money
Findings in specific public policy areas with implications for health
Research gaps
1. Introduction
1.1 Why this resource book?
1.2 Using this resource book
1.3 How were sectors chosen?
1.4 How are interventions classified?
1.4.1 Intersectoral public policy and action perspective
1.4.2 Intervention evidence review orientation
References
2. The economic argument for social determinants of health and socially determined health inequalities
2.1 Efficiency-based rationales for public policy intervention
2.2 Standard efficiency-based rationales
2.2.1 Imperfect or asymmetric information
2.2.2 Externalities
2.2.3 Public goods
2.2.4 Departures from rationality
2.3 Non-standard economic rationales: behavioural economics
2.4 Equity-based rationale for public policy intervention
2.5 The relationship between efficiency and equity
2.5.1 The standard viewpoint
2.5.2 The standard viewpoint: when is it less valid?
2.5.3 The macroeconomics viewpoint: traditional and new evidence
References
3. Assessing value for money of interventions
3.1 Valuing the consequences of social determinants of health interventions
3.1.1 Valuing costs
3.1.2 Cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis
3.1.3 Cost-benefit analysis
3.1.4 Conclusions
3.2 Valuing reductions in health inequities
3.2.1 Valuing reductions in health inequities in cost-effectiveness analysis
3.2.2 Valuing reductions in health inequities in cost-benefit analysis
3.2.3 Conclusions
3.3 Challenges in assessing the value for money of social determinants of health interventions
References
4. Can education policy act as health policy?
4.1 Efficiency-based rationales
4.1.1 Economic benefits of education and the presence of market failures
4.1.2 Does education have an impact on health?
4.1.3 Average impact of education interventions
4.2 Equity-based rationales
4.2.1 Equity aspects in education
4.2.2 Equity impacts of interventions
4.3 Value for money
4.4 Conclusions
References
5. Can social protection act as health policy?
5.1 Efficiency-based rationales
5.1.1 Economic benefits of social protection and the presence of market failures
5.1.2 Does social protection have an impact on health?
5.1.3 Average impact of social protection interventions
5.2 Equity-based rationales
5.2.1 Equity aspects in social protection
5.2.2 Equity impacts of interventions
5.3 Value for money
5.4 Conclusions
References
6. Can urban development, housing and transport policy act as health policy?
6.1 Efficiency-based rationales
6.1.1 Benefits of urban development, housing and transport infrastructure and the presence of market failures
6.1.2 Does urban development and infrastructure have an impact on health?
6.1.3 Average impact of interventions
6.2 Equity-based rationales
6.2.1 Equity aspects in urban development, housing and transport
6.2.2 Equity impacts of interventions
6.3 Value for money
6.4 Conclusions
References
Annex A. Looking beyond GDP: broader measures of well-being, welfare and prosperity
References
Annex B. Commission on Social Determinants of Health recommendations
Annex C. Literature review: methodology