Evaluating Household Water Treatment Options
Health-Based Targets and Microbiological Performance Specifications
Nonserial Publications
World Health Organization
ISBN-13    9789241548229 ISBN-10    9241548223
Order Number    11500821 Format    Paper Back
Price    CHF    30.00 / US$    36.00 Developing countries:    CHF    21.00
English     2011        64   pages
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Summary
Household water treatment (HWT) is increasingly being promoted as a rapidly implementable and cost-effective interim approach to improve water quality. It is a key preventive component of the WHO/UNICEF comprehensive strategy on diarrhoea control.

This document, for the first time, sets forth global criteria that enables users to evaluate whether an HWT option reduces waterborne pathogens sufficiently to protect health. Through use of a risk-based framework and by emphasizing the philosophy of incremental improvement, it is intended to provide implementers and policy-makers with an evidence-based and pragmatic approach to select options suited to local conditions.

The document provides a range of technical recommendations, including:

. A step-by-step overview of how to evaluate HWT microbiological performance
. Elaboration of health-based water quality targets ranging from interim to highly protective, including establishment of default targets for use in data-scarce settings
. Description of technology-specific laboratory testing protocols and guiding principles
. Considerations relating to developing national technology evaluation programs.

This document is especially intended for resource-scarce settings where water quality laboratories may have limited capacity and incremental improvements of HWT performance could have a substantial, positive impact on public health.