Research Priorities for the Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Technical Report of the TDR Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Technical Report Series, No 976
World Health Organization
ISBN-13    9789241209762 ISBN-10    9241209763
Order Number    11000976 Format    Package
Price    CHF    40.00 / US$    48.00 Developing countries:    CHF    28.00
English     2013        133   pages
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Table of contents
Executive Summary
1. Introduction
1.1 Rationale and context
1.1.1 Systems-based approaches
1.1.2 Recent resurgence of infectious diseases
1.1.3 Emerging diseases
1.1.4 Environmental and social determinants of infectious diseases
1.1.5 Interdisciplinary research priorities
1.2 Group membership
1.3 Host country
1.4 Think Tank members
2. Methodology and prioritization
2.1 Selection of TRG members
2.2 First TRG meeting
2.3 Stakeholder consultation
2.4 Second TRG meeting
2.5 Third TRG meeting
2.6 Prioritization process
2.6.1. Literature review
2.6.2. Principles of priority setting
2.6.3 Multi-criteria decision analysis
2.6.3.1 Rationale
2.6.3.2 Methodology
2.6.3.3 Research prioritization
2.6.3.4 Criteria identification
2.7 Transformation of TRG report into a WHO Technical Report
3. Human infectious diseases: categorization
3.1 Vector-borne diseases
3.2 Waterborne diseases
3.3 Airborne diseases
3.4 Rodent-borne diseases
3.5 Soil-borne diseases
3.6 Foodborne diseases
3.7 Disease transmitted by body fluids
3.8 Other possible classifications of human infectious diseases
3.8.1 Socioeconomic status
3.8.2 Vaccination status or underlying immune status
3.8.3 Vaccine preventability
3.8.4 Form of the infectious agent
3.8.5 Zoonoses, reverse zoonoses, anthroponoses and epizoonoses
3.8.6 Burden of disease over time
3.9 Infectious diseases of non-human species that indirectly affect human health
3.9.1 Farmed mammals, birds and fish
3.9.2 Birds, bats, bees and amphibians
3.9.3 Infectious diseases of plants
3.10 Emerging infectious diseases
3.11 Infections and chronic diseases
4. Environmental and agricultural drivers of infectious diseases of poverty
4.1 Forestry changes, ecological disruption and contamination
4.2 Dams, lakes and irrigation systems
4.3 Agricultural intensification
4.4 Climate change and infectious diseases of poverty
4.5 Other environmental and agricultural driving forces
5. Social drivers of infectious diseases of poverty
5.1 Poverty
5.2 Population growth
5.3 Urbanization
5.4 Cultural forces and institutional change
6. Selected recent scientific advances, insights and successes
6.1. One Health - One Medicine
6.2 Eco-biological mechanisms of interaction
6.2.1. The opening of new ecological niches for microbes
6.2.2. Global trade in bushmeat and its interaction with infections
6.2.3. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and other bat-associated infections
6.3 Environmental quality and the burden of infectious diseases
6.4 Climate, seasonality, environmental change, geography and infectious diseases
6.5 Climate change and helminthiases (other than schistosomiasis)
6.6 The value of the socio-ecological perspective
6.7 Success stories
7. Hunger, nutrition, poverty and immunity
7.1 Links between under-nutrition and immunity
7.2 Under-nutrition and infections: non-immunological links
7.3 Hunger and the first Millennium Development Goal
7.4 Tensions and synergies between agriculture and health
7.5 Agriculture and the Millennium Development Goals
7.6 Environment, agriculture and health: sectoral cooperation
7.7 Global action plan
7.8 Global information systems and databases
8. Environment, agriculture and infectious diseases of poverty: selected examples
8.1 Vector-borne diseases
8.1.1 Malaria
8.1.2 Dengue fever
8.1.3 Chagas disease
8.1.3.1 Biofuel plantations
8.1.3.2 Amazon Countries' Initiative for Surveillance and Control of Chagas Disease
8.1.3.3 Challenges for the future
8.2. Waterborne diseases
8.2.1. Schistosomiasis in Africa
8.2.2. Schistosomiasis in south-east and east Asia
8.2.2.1 Schistosomiasis and climate change in China
9. Research priorities
9.1 Criteria preferences and multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) results
9.2 Relevant research priorities identified by others
9.3 Priorities for policy-makers
10. Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References
Selected WHO publications of related interest
Annex 1 Research priorities ranked 1-143, determined using the multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) methodology
Appendix 1 Membership of Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty (TRG4)
Appendix 2 Disease-specific and thematic reference groups (DRGs/TRGs), The Think Tank for infectious diseases of poverty and host countries
Appendix 3 Think Tank members
Appendix 4 Distribution of the Think Tank leadership (co-Chairs)