Research Priorities for the Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Technical Report of the TDR Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Technical Report Series, No 976
World Health Organization
ISBN-13    9789241209762 ISBN-10    9241209763
Order Number    11000976 Format    Package
Price    CHF    40.00 / US$    48.00 Developing countries:    CHF    28.00
English     2013        133   pages
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Summary
The Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty (TRG 4) addresses the nature of the intersections and interactions between environment, agriculture and infectious diseases of poverty in order to identify research priorities for improved disease control.

This report reviews the connections between environmental change, modern agricultural practices and the occurrence of infectious diseases - especially those of poverty- and proposes a methodology that can be used to prioritize research on such diseases. Although there is some comprehension of the underlying and growing systemic influence of today s large-scale social and environmental changes on some infectious diseases, the significance and potential future impacts of these changes are poorly understood. Nevertheless, such changesnow constitute a significant influence on the working of the Earth s systems that will have increasing consequences for patterns of occurrence of infectious diseases. Many of these changes are illustrated in this report.

A common theme of this report is bidirectional causation, effectively "trapping" complex, linked eco-social systems in stable states that are resistant to intervention. For example, poverty is associated with ill health, low education and often with poor diets, either because of under-nutrition (and diarrhoea) or intakes that have excessive calories but insufficient micronutrients. In either case, poverty impairs health; and ill health impairs the escape from poverty. Another example is provided by a recent abundant agricultural harvest in India that has far exceeded storage capacity. A substantial fraction of this harvest will be wasted, due to inadequate storage. Some grain that is badly stored will be contaminated by aflatoxins and other fungi, which increases the risk of cancer. This report presents the case for a more integrated approach across sectors, research disciplines and diseases, taking greater account of the increasingly widespread and systemic influences on disease emergence and spread.