Comparative Quantification of Health Risks CD-ROM
Global and Regional Burden of Diseases Attributable to Selected Major Risk Factors, Volume 1/2/3
Nonserial Publication
Ezzati, M., Lopez, A.D., Rodgers, A., Murray, C.J.L.
World Health Organization
ISBN-13    9789241580342 ISBN-10    9241580348
Order Number    19900022
Price    CHF    120.00 / US$    144.00 Developing countries:    CHF    60.00
English     2004
Summary
See also paper version: Paper version
Over the centuries, the health of populations has improved because science has helped us understand the main causes of disease affecting large populations, from iodine deficiency to smoking, and how technologies or strategies can be delivered to reduce hazards among those affected. At the same time, the broader, policy-relevant issue of population effects of exposure to risks has remained under-explored relative to our documentation of established diseases.
During the last quarter of the twentieth century, a number of works have addressed both the methodological and empirical aspects of population-wide impacts of major causes of diseases. This gradual establishment of "risk assessment" or "risk quantification" has been driven partly by the academic curiosity of individual researchers and partly by the demands of regulatory agencies and public policy for better quantitative evidence on the health implications of certain risk exposures. These efforts nonetheless have generally been within the disciplinary and methodological traditions of individual risk factors and in a limited number of settings. As a result, the criteria for evaluating scientific evidence have varied greatly across risk factors resulting in lack of comparability across risk factors.
This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the scientific evidence on prevalence and hazards, and the resulting health effects, of a range of exposures that are known to be hazardous to human health, including childhood and maternal undernutrition, nutritional and physiological risk factors for adult health, addictive substances, sexual and reproductive health, and risks in the physical environments of households and communities, as well as among workers. This book is the culmination of over 3 years of scientific enquiry and data collection, collectively known as the comparative risk assessment (CRA) project, involving over 100 scientists, applying a common analytical framework and methods to ensure greater consistency and comparability in using and evaluating scientific evidence across risks.
As a result, our understanding of the comparative extent of disease burden caused by various exposures worldwide has advanced, and key areas of scientific enquiry to better inform policy needs to reduce risks have been elucidated. As public health researchers and practitioners evaluate policy alternatives for improving population health, this book not only demonstrates the enormous potential for disease prevention, but also provides a fundamental reference for the scientific evidence on some of the most important global risks to health.